Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®)

Scientific Rating:
Well-Supported by Research Evidence
See scale of 1-5

Additional Implementation Resources

Since this program Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®) was highly rated on the Scientific Rating Scale, program representatives were asked to provide additional implementation information.

Pre-Implementation Materials

There are pre-implementation materials to measure organizational or provider readiness for Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®) as listed below:

Readiness checklists are tailored for various types of implementations. Additionally, an FAQ document is available that assists interested organizations in determining if PMTO is a good fit. Contact the ISII Administrator, Anna Suski, for pre-implementation materials at (541) 485-2711 or

Formal Support for Implementation

There is formal support available for implementation of Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®) as listed below:

Implementation Sciences International, Inc. (ISII), which is a non-profit affiliate of the Oregon Social Learning Center, oversees the implementation of PMTO. Laura Rains, the Director of Implementation and Training at ISII, designs the training programs and infrastructure protocol. She also provides training, coaching, and coordination for implementation projects. Rainsleads a team of trainers and consultants who are available to provide support for all implementation objectives. The ISII website ( provides individual descriptions and roles for staff, mentors, and associates.

Fidelity Measures

There are fidelity measures for Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®) as listed below:

Competent adherence to PMTO is assessed with the Fidelity of Implementation Rating System (FIMP) FIMP ratings are made by reliable certified PMTO specialists who assess the intervention as delivered with individual families in community or home settings and in parent groups. Ratings are based on direct observation of segments of sessions based on core parenting components and evaluate five theoretically relevant categories (i.e., knowledge, structure, teaching, process skills, and overall development). Procedures, definitions of core parenting practices, and the rating scale are described in the manual. Interested parties can contact the ISII Administrator, Anna Suski, for the fidelity measure. She is available at (541) 485-2711 or

Implementation Guides or Manuals

There are implementation guides or manuals for Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®) as listed below:

Manuals are required for implementation and are provided (at workshops) to those who receive training in PMTO. Additionally, manuals are provided to clinicians who participate in training to become PMTO Trainers.

Research on How to Implement the Program

Research has been conducted on how to implement Parent Management Training - Oregon Model (PMTO®) as listed below:

  • Akin, B. A., Testa, M. F., McDonald, T. P., Melz, H., Blase, K. A., & Barclay, A. (2014). Formative evaluation of an evidence-based intervention to reduce long-term foster care: Assessing readiness for summative evaluation. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 8, 354-374. doi:10.1080/15548732.2014.939250
  • Bryson, S. A., Akin, B. A., Blase, K. A., McDonald, T., & Walker, S. (2014). Selecting an EBP to reduce long-term foster care: Lessons from a university-child welfare agency partnership. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 11, 208-221. doi:10.1080/15433714.2013.850325
  • Forgatch, M. S., & DeGarmo, D. S. (2011). Sustaining fidelity following the nationwide PMTO implementation in Norway. Prevention Science, 12, 235- 246.
  • Forgatch, M. S., Patterson, G . R., & Gewirtz, A. H. (2013). Looking forward: The promise of widespread implementation of parent training programs. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 682- 694.
  • Hukkelberg, S., & Ogden, T. (2013). Working alliance and treatment fidelity as predictors of externalizing problem behaviors in Parent Management Training. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81, 1010-1020. doi:10.1037/a0033825
  • Ogden, T., Bjornebekk, G., Kjobli, J., Patras, J., Christiansen, T., Taraldsen, K., & Tollefsen, N. (2012). Measurement of implementation components ten years after a nationwide introduction of empirically supported programs-a pilot study. Implementation Science, 7(1), 49.
  • Tømmeraas, T., & Ogden, T. (2015). Is there a scale-up penalty? Testing behavioral change in the scaling up of Parent Management Training in Norway. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, Online first 29 December, 1-14. doi: 10.1007/s10488-015-0712-3