Scientific Rating:
Promising Research Evidence
See scale of 1-5

Additional Implementation Resources

Since this program Theraplay was highly rated on the Scientific Rating Scale, program representatives were asked to provide additional implementation information.

Pre-Implementation Materials

There are no pre-implementation materials to measure organizational or provider readiness for Theraplay.

Formal Support for Implementation

There is formal support available for implementation of Theraplay as listed below:

The Theraplay Institute maintains a Theraplay Certification program. Professionals who have taken the Level 1 training can enroll in the supervision program which has three levels of competence. The most intensive level, with 37 hours of training, ends with full certification. The supervision portion of the training requires participants to video their sessions. Supervision is conducted online, individually and in groups, with the Theraplay Institute via a secure website.

Fidelity Measures

There are fidelity measures for Theraplay as listed below:

The Theraplay certification practicum enables practitioners to verify the fidelity of their implementation by videotaping their sessions and receiving supervision from certified Theraplay supervisors. There is a standard Theraplay session evaluation form that supervisors and students must complete at 3 levels of advancement in the practicum. At the midterm and final exam level, an additional, objective 2nd evaluator reviews students work in order to ensure inter-rater reliability.

Implementation Guides or Manuals

There are implementation guides or manuals for Theraplay as listed below:

The book Theraplay: Helping Parents and Children Build Better Relationships Through Attachment-Based Play, 3rd Edition, is the program manual. It gives the full description of the treatment and how to implement in its basic form at as well variations for specific populations such as autism, adolescents, complex trauma, adoption, and more. The manual is available at

Research on How to Implement the Program

Research has not been conducted on how to implement Theraplay.