Aggression Replacement Training® (ART®)

Note: The ART® program was not responsive to the CEBC's inquiry. The following information was obtained from publicly available sources.

Scientific Rating:
3
Promising Research Evidence
See scale of 1-5
Child Welfare System Relevance Level:
Medium
See descriptions of 3 levels

About This Program

Aggression Replacement Training® (ART®) has been rated by the CEBC in the area of: Disruptive Behavior Treatment (Child & Adolescent).

Target Population: Chronically aggressive children and adolescents ages 12-17

Brief Description

Aggression Replacement Training® is a cognitive-behavioral intervention to help children and adolescents improve social skill competence and moral reasoning, better manage anger, and reduce aggressive behavior. The program specifically targets chronically aggressive children and adolescents ages 12-17. The program consists of 10 weeks (30 sessions) of intervention training, and is divided into three components—social skills training, anger-control training, and training in moral reasoning. Clients attend a one-hour session in each of these components each week. Incremental learning, reinforcement techniques, and guided group discussions enhance skill acquisition, and reinforce the lessons in the curriculum.

Education and Training Resources

Publicly available information indicates there is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is some training available for this program.
See contact info below.

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research

This program is rated a "3 - Promising Research Evidence" on the Scientific Rating Scale based on the published, peer-reviewed research available. The practice must have at least one study utilizing some form of control (e.g., untreated group, placebo group, matched wait list study) establishing the practice's benefit over the placebo, or found it to be comparable to or better than an appropriate comparison practice. Please see the Scientific Rating Scale for more information.

Child Welfare Outcome: Child/Family Well-Being

Show relevant research...

Nugent, W. R., Bruley, C., & Allen, P. (1998). The effects of Aggression Replacement Training on antisocial behavior in a runaway shelter. Research on Social Work Practice, 8(6), 637-656.

Type of Study: Interrupted time series design
Number of Participants: 522

Population:

  • Age range — Mean=14.9 years
  • Race/Ethnicity — 77% White, 18.4% African American, 2.5% Latino, 0.4% Asian, and 1.7% Other
  • Gender — 54% Female
  • Status — Participants were adolescents living in a runaway shelter.

Location / Institution: Tennessee

Summary: (To include comparison groups, outcomes, measures, notable limitations)
A field study was conducted to test the effect of Aggression Replacement Training® (ART®) on antisocial behavior in a runaway shelter. The case records of adolescents who stayed in a runaway shelter over a 519-day period were reviewed and measures of antisocial behavior obtained. The results suggested that the commencement of the ART® program was associated with a 20% decrease in the rate of antisocial behavior and a 17% decrease in the daily number of antisocial behavior incidents. Limitations include the lack of a control or comparison group.

Length of post-intervention follow-up: None.

Nugent, W. R., Bruley, C., & Allen, P. (1999). The effects of Aggression Replacement Training on male and female antisocial behavior in a runaway shelter. Research on Social Work Practice, 9(4), 466-482.

Type of Study: Interrupted time series design
Number of Participants: 522

Population:

  • Age range — Mean=14.9 years
  • Race/Ethnicity — 77% White, 18.4% African American, 2.5% Latino, 0.4% Asian, and 1.7% Other
  • Gender — 54% Female
  • Status — Participants were adolescents living in a runaway shelter.

Location / Institution: Tennessee

Summary: (To include comparison groups, outcomes, measures, notable limitations)
Note: This paper uses the same study sample as Nugent, et al. (1998). A field study was conducted to test the effect of Aggression Replacement Training® (ART®) on male and female antisocial behavior in a runaway shelter. The case records of adolescents who stayed in a runaway shelter over a 519-day period were reviewed and measures of antisocial behavior obtained. Results suggested that the implementation of the ART® was associated with a decrease in male and female antisocial behavior in the shelter and that the effect on male antisocial behavior depended on the number of males in the shelter. Limitations include the lack of a control or comparison group and concerns about staff reporting of antisocial behavior.

Length of post-intervention follow-up: None.

Gundersen, K., & Svartdal, F. (2006). Aggression Replacement Therapy in Norway: Outcome evaluation of 11 Norwegian student projects. Scandanavian Journal of Educational Research, 50(1), 63-81.

Type of Study: Nonequivalent control groups design (study was planned as a randomized controlled trail, but randomization was not possible for all cases)
Number of Participants: 65

Population:

  • Age range — Boys - Mean=12.6 years; Girls – Mean=14.1 years
  • Race/Ethnicity — Not Specified
  • Gender — 49 Boys and 16 Girls
  • Status — Participants were children and young people with varying degrees of behavioral problems.

Location / Institution: Norway

Summary: (To include comparison groups, outcomes, measures, notable limitations)
Eleven groups of students received a 24-session intervention based on Aggression Replacement Training® (ART®). Subjects were assigned to either ART® or standard social and educational services. Measures utilized include the Child Behavior Checklist for 6-18 (CBCL/6-18), the Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Inventory 2.3 (CADBI), the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS), the How I Think Questionnaire, and a project developed problem behavior questionnaire. Results indicate that the ART® group had significant improvement following the intervention, both in terms of increased social skills and reduced behavioral problems; in contrast, the comparison group did not generally indicate improvement. Limitations include small sample size, incomplete randomization of participants, and lack of follow-up.

Length of post-intervention follow-up: None.

References

Glick, B., & Gibbs, J. (2011). Aggression Replacement Training®: A comprehensive intervention for aggressive youth. Third Edition--Revised and Expanded. Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Contact Information

Name: Dr. Barry Glick
Website: aggressionreplacementtraining.com
Email:
Phone: (518) 229-7933

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: September 2015

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: December 2013

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: December 2013