Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA)

The information in this program outline is provided by the program representative and edited by the CEBC staff. This program has been rated by the CEBC in the following Topic Areas:

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About This Program

Target Population: Individuals ages 18 and over who have a primary diagnosis of any Substance-Related Disorder (DSM-IV-R); individuals with co-occurring disorders also respond well to this approach

Brief Description

CRA is a comprehensive cognitive-behavioral intervention for the treatment of substance abuse problems. CRA seeks to treat substance abuse problems through focusing on environmental contingencies that impact and influence the client's behavior. Developed in accordance with the belief that these environmental contingencies play a crucial role in an individual's addictive behavior and recovery, CRA utilizes familial, social, recreational, and occupational events to support the individual in changing his or her drinking/using behaviors and in creating a successful sobriety. Two other versions of CRA are highlighted on the CEBC: Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA) and Community Reinforcement + Vouchers Approach (CRA+Vouchers).

Program Goals:

The overall goal of Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA) is:

  • Rearrange multiple aspects of an individual's life so that a clean and sober lifestyle is more rewarding than one that is dominated by alcohol and/or drugs

Contact Information

Robert Meyers, PhD
Agency/Affiliation: University of New Mexico's Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addiction
Phone: (505) 270-6503
Fax: (505) 925-2351

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: September 2016

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: March 2016

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: August 2006