Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP)
About This Program
The information in this program outline is provided by the program representative and edited by the CEBC staff. Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) has been rated by the CEBC in the area of: Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary).
Target Population: African-American families at risk for child maltreatment.
For parents/caregivers of children ages: 2 – 12
EBPP is a parenting skill-building program created specifically for parents of African American children. It was originally designed as a 15-session program to be used with small groups of parents. Recently, a one-day seminar version of the program for large numbers of parents has been created. Since the late 1980s, EBPP has been disseminated via instructor training workshops conducted nationwide. These workshops provided training for over 3,500 professionals from 40 states.
The program's representative has not provided these since we began requesting them in Fall 2010.
Culturally-Specific Parenting Strategies:
- Achievement Orientation to Parenting: The Pyramid of Success for Black Children
- Traditional Black Discipline vs. Modern Black Self-Discipline
- Pride in Blackness: Positive Communications about Heritage, Coping with Racism, Avoiding Black Self-Disparagement
- Finding Special Times for All of Our Children: Chit Chat Time
General Parenting Strategies:
- Social Learning Ideas and Pinpointing and Counting Behavior
- The Thinking Parent's Approach
- Family Rules Are Like A Coin, and Family Rule Guidelines
- Children's Developing Abilities
- Children's Thinking Stages and the Development Swing between Belonging and Independence
Basic Parenting Skills Taught in a Culturally-Sensitive Manner, Using African American Language Expressions and African Proverbs:
- Effective Praise
- Mild Social Disapproval
- Time Out
- Special Incentives
Special Program Topics:
- Single Parenting
- Preventing Drug Abuse
Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) does not directly provide services to children/adolescents.
Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) directly provides services to parents/caregivers and addresses the following:
- Parents living in high-risk situations that can lead to child maltreatment.
Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) was designed to be conducted in a group setting, and has been tested for use in a group setting.
Recommended group size:
Not specified by developer.
Meyers, H. F., Alvy, K. T., Arrington, A., Richardson, M. A., Marigna, M., Huff, R., et al. (1992). The impact of a parent training program on inner-city African-American families. Journal of Community Psychology, 20, 132-147
Weekly three-hour sessions or one-day 6.5 hours abbreviated seminar version.
15 weeks total including a session for graduation and testifying or just one-day for the abbreviated seminar version.
This program is typically conducted in a(n):
- Birth Family Home
- Community Agency
- Foster Home
- Outpatient Clinic
Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) includes a homework component:
A variety of homework projects are required, including behavior change projects with targeted children, bringing in members of the extended black family to participate, using family rules, etc.
Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) does not have materials available in a language other than English.
Resources Needed to Run Program
The typical resources for implementing the program are:
- The Parent Handbooks with program and skill descriptions
- An overhead projector and screen
- And space for 8-12 parents with enough room break into dyads for skill practice.
The program is designed to be led by one instructor who presents the program, demonstrates and models the skills, and provides individual consultations to parents on their home behavior change projects.
Minimum Provider Qualifications
Practitioners ranging from paraprofessional prevention specialists and parent involvement coordinators to children service workers with B.A. degrees and Ph.D.-level psychologists have been trained to deliver the program. It is best to have had prior training in behavior modification or behavior analysis as well as education and training in child development and group dynamics. In addition, exposure to Black Studies courses and materials is helpful. The majority of the 3,500 instructors trained and certified in this program have been of African descent.
Education and Training Resources
There is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is training available for this program.
Training is obtained:
People can attend regularly scheduled workshops in different cities or the workshop can be brought to a specific location on a contractual basis.
Number of days/hours:
Five 6.5 hour days.
Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research
This program is rated a "3 - Promising Research Evidence" on the Scientific Rating Scale based on the published, peer-reviewed research available. The practice must have at least one study utilizing some form of control (e.g., untreated group, placebo group, matched wait list study) establishing the practice's benefit over the placebo, or found it to be comparable to or better than an appropriate comparison practice. Please see the Scientific Rating Scale for more information.
Meyers, H. F., Alvy, K. T., Arrington, A., Richardson, M. A., Marigna, M., Huff, R., et al. (1992). The impact of a parent training program on inner-city African-American families. Journal of Community Psychology, 20, 132-147.
Type of Study: Quasi-experimental design: Pre-post testing on treatment and control cohorts
Number of Participants: 109 treatment families, 64 control families
- Age range — Mean age of 33.5 for parents. First and second grade children.
- Race/Ethnicity — African-American
- Gender — Not Specified
- Status — High risk, low income inner city community.
Location / Institution: South Central Los Angeles, CA
Summary: (To include comparison groups, outcomes, measures, notable limitations)
The Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP) was field tested on two cohorts of inner city African-American parents and their children. Eligible families were recruited through schools. Pre-post changes on parental acceptance-rejection, family relationships, and on child behavior problems and social competencies were compared in a quasi-experimental design on 109 treatment and 64 control families over 1 year. Measures were conducted in structured interviews with parents and children and included measures of parenting attitudes, beliefs and practices; family relationships; substance use, psychiatric and legal histories; and family stresses and resources. Specific measures included the Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire for Mothers, the Parenting Practices Inventory, the Retrospective Family Relationships Questionnaire, and the Child Behavior Checklist. Data on school performance and teacher ratings were also obtained. Results from Cohort I indicated that the EBPP produced selected significant improvements in parental rejection, in the quality of family relationships, and in child behavior outcomes. These findings were partially confirmed in the Cohort II sample, which also included changes in the use of specific parenting behaviors. A 1-year follow-up indicated that the reductions in parental rejection and in hyperactive and withdrawn behavior in boys and sexual problem behaviors in girls were maintained, though a regressive trend toward more coercive parenting practices was also noted as was an increase in delinquent behaviors in girls. Suggested limitations include lack of systematic support or booster treatments over the posttest period.
Length of post-intervention follow-up: 1 year.
Alvy, K. T. (1987). Black parenting: Strategies for training. New York: Irvington Publishers.
Alvy, K. T. (1994). Parent training today: A social necessity. Studio City, CA: Center for the Improvement of Child Caring.
Child Welfare League of America (2006). Parenting education and support: A special issue of CWLA's Child Welfare Journal, Arlington, VA.
Office of Substance Abuse Prevention (1991). Parent training is prevention: Preventing alcohol and other drug problems among youth in the family, (DHHS Publication No. ADM 91-1715) Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: June 2012
Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: December 2007
Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: December 2007