Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children
The information in this program outline is provided by the program representative and edited by the CEBC staff. This program has been rated by the CEBC in the following Topic Areas:
About This Program
Target Population: Boys and girls ages 3 to 6 years with sexual behavior problems and their caregivers
For children/adolescents ages: 3 – 6
For parents/caregivers of children ages: 3 – 6
Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children is a family-oriented, cognitive-behavioral, psychoeducational, and supportive treatment group designed to reduce or eliminate incidents of problematic sexual behavior in young children:
• Services are provided through an outpatient group treatment program for children ages 3 to 6 years and a parallel group for their parents or other caregivers. Recommended group size is 5-7 children per group.
• The program can be provided to individual families when group is not an appropriate option.
• Group treatment is provided as a closed-ended group.
• The group treatment is 12-14 sessions.
• Collaboration with child protective services, school personnel, and others involved is highly recommended.
Caregivers are taught about sexual development in children, and how to enhance supervision of children, teach and implement rules in the home, communicate about sex education, and reduce behavior problems utilizing behavior parent training strategies. Children are taught private part rules and abuse prevention skills in the context of safety rules, boundaries, emotional regulation, coping skills, and basic impulse-- control strategies, all of which are taught and practiced during and between sessions.
The goals of Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children are:
• Eliminate or reduce problematic sexual behavior in children
• Improve child behavior via better parental monitoring, supervision, and behavior management skills
• Improve parent-child interaction and communication
• Improve coping, self-control, and social skills in children
The essential components of Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children include:
• Modeling, observing, and providing constructive and corrective feedback on skills to children and their parents or caregivers
• Structured treatment program and providers who use a directive approach
• Addressing clinical components with children and caregivers
o Rules about sexual behavior
o Abuse prevention skills
o Emotional regulation and coping skills
o Impulse-control and problem-solving skills
o Sex education
o Social skills and peer relationships
o Addressing additional clinical components for caregivers, as needed
o Behavior parent training to prevent and respond to problematic sexual behavior, as well as other behavior problems in children
o General child development, including sexual and moral development
o Dispelling misconceptions regarding problematic sexual behavior in children and implications to the child and family
o Support for parents and other caregivers involved
Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children directly provides services to children/adolescents and addresses the following:
- Sexual behavior problems, general behavior problems, and internalizing symptoms
Services Involve Family/Support Structures:
This program involves the family or other support systems in the individual's treatment: This program involves the family or other support systems in the individual's treatment: The treatment requires weekly parent/caregiver attendance and active participation, monitoring and supporting child application of skills between sessions, and ongoing assessment of child progress in treatment.
Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children directly provides services to parents/caregivers and addresses the following:
- Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children directly provides services to parents/caregivers and addresses the following:• Parenting a child with problematic sexual behavior• Understanding of sexual development, sexual behavior problems, and parenting strategies that improve boundaries and reduce sexual behavior problems.• Parental stress.
90-minute weekly sessions
This program is typically conducted in a(n):
- Outpatient Clinic
Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children includes a homework component:
Each week the child and caregiver are assigned activities in which they apply or practice the skills/information taught in sessions.
Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children does not have materials available in a language other than English.
Resources Needed to Run Program
The typical resources for implementing the program are:
• Rooms large enough to facilitate groups, including one room large enough to hold all the families for the parent-child group component.
• Co-therapists for each child group are recommended. One therapist is needed to facilitate the parent/caregiver group.
• Personnel to conduct intake assessments.
• Supervisor/Director of the treatment program.
• Therapeutic materials, such as books, puppets, crayons, stickers, etc.
Minimum Provider Qualifications
Supervisor and lead therapists are recommended to be licensed mental health practitioners with experience treating behavior problems and trauma in young children and their parents/caregivers.
Education and Training Resources
There is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is training available for this program.
- Jane F. Silovsky, PhD
phone: (405) 271-8858
fax: (405) 271-2931
Training is obtained:
Onsite at agency receiving training or at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Number of days/hours:
Depends in part on training and experience of staff to be trained. Training is provided either over the course of four days with a later scheduled booster training, or via three coordinated training sessions of which the first two typically scheduled about one month apart and a third (booster training) following successful implementation of a group treatment program.
Since Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children is rated on the Scientific Rating Scale, information was requested from the program representative on available pre-implementation assessments, implementation tools, and/or fidelity measures.
Show implementation information...
There are pre-implementation materials to measure organizational or provider readiness for Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children as listed below:
The Sexual Behavior Problems of Youth Program Assessment assesses organizational and provider readiness and capacity for EBP for youth with PSB. The assessment asks about current referral, intake, and treatment program and capacities as well as staff, agency, and program skills, resources, and abilities. It is available via Dr. Silovsky contact info above and at the end.
Formal Support for Implementation
There is formal support available for implementation of Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children as listed below:
In addition to formal live training in Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children, additional required technical assistance support is provided via bimonthly clinical consultation, monthly administrative consultation, and review of recorded sessions for fidelity monitoring. Trainees are strongly encouraged to pursue completion of clinical fidelity criteria in Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children. Trainees can also be nominated by their senior leader (e.g., supervision, Director, etc.) to be trained as a Within Agency Trainer in Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children to support sustainability of the program. Duration of this support depends on the logistics of the training project.
The program representative did not provide information about fidelity measures of Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children.
Implementation Guides or Manuals
There are implementation guides or manuals for Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children as listed below:
There is background manual that provides information to assist agencies with their program development.
Research on How to Implement the Program
Research has not been conducted on how to implement Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Preschool Children.
Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research
This program is rated a "3 - Promising Research Evidence" on the Scientific Rating Scale based on the published, peer-reviewed research available. The practice must have at least one study utilizing some form of control (e.g., untreated group, placebo group, matched wait list study) establishing the practice's benefit over the placebo, or found it to be comparable to or better than an appropriate comparison practice. Please see the Scientific Rating Scale for more information.
Child Welfare Outcome: Child/Family Well-Being
Silovsky, J. F., Niec, L., Bard, D., & Hecht, D. (2007). Treatment for preschool children with sexual behavior problems: Pilot Study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 378-391.
Type of Study: One group pretest-posttest design
Number of Participants: 85
- Age — Children: 3-7 years; Caregivers: Not specified
- Race/Ethnicity — Children: Not specified, Caregivers: Not specified
- Gender — Children: 58% Female; Caregivers: 79 Female and 6 Male
- Status — Participants were children presenting co-occurring trauma symptoms and disruptive sexual behaviors referred from child protective services and other agencies or programs.
Location/Institution: Oklahoma Department of Human Services
Summary: (To include comparison groups, outcomes, measures, notable limitations)
The study evaluated a 12-session group treatment program for preschool children with interpersonal problematic sexual behaviors (PSB) [now called Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Program for Preschool Children]. Measures utilized include the Child Sexual Behavior Inventory III (CSBI-III), Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Parenting Stress Index – Short Form (PSI-SF), the CSBP Preschool Group Satisfaction, Social Validity Questionnaire (CSBP-PGSQ), the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC-IV), Abuse Dimensions Inventory, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test – Third Edition (PPVT-III), and the Treatment History Form. Results indicate that a significant linear reduction in PSB due to number of treatment sessions attended was found. Results also indicated that caregivers reported increase in knowledge, satisfaction, and usefulness of treatment. Limitations included the lack of a control or comparison group, small sample size, and lack of follow-up..
Length of postintervention follow-up: None.
Silovsky, J. F. (2009). Taking Action: Support for Families of Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. Vermont: Safer Society Press.
Silovsky, J. F. & Niec, L. (1998). Group treatment for preschool children with problematic sexual behavior. Program manual. Unpublished treatment manual.
Silovsky, J. F., Swisher, L., Widdifield, Jr., J. (in press). Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. In P. Goodyear-Brown (ed.). The Handbook of Child Sexual Abuse: Prevention, Assessment and Treatment. John Wiley & Sons.
- Jane F. Silovsky, PhD
- Agency/Affiliation: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
- Website: www.oumedicine.com/pediatrics/department-sections/developmental-behavioral-pediatrics/center-on-child-abuse-and-neglect/programs-and-clinical-services/children-with-sexual-behavior-problems
- Email: OU-YPSB@ouhsc.edu
- Phone: (405) 271-8858
- Fax: (405) 271-2931
Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: June 2017
Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: July 2017
Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: April 2011