Psychological First Aid (PFA)
Note: The PFA program was not responsive to the CEBC's inquiry. The following information was obtained from publicly available sources.
About This Program
Target Population: Children and adolescents in the immediate aftermath of a disaster or terrorism
PFA is a modular approach for assisting people in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism to reduce initial distress and to foster short- and long-term adaptive functioning. It is for use by first responders, incident command systems, primary and emergency health care providers, school crisis response teams, faith-based organizations, disaster relief organizations, Community Emergency Response Teams, Medical Reserve Corps, and the Citizens Corps in diverse settings.
Education and Training
Education and Training Resources
Publicly available information indicates there is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is some training available for this program.
See contact info below.
Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research
This program has been reviewed and it was determined that this program lacks the type of published, peer-reviewed research that meets the CEBC criteria for a scientific rating of 1 – 5. Therefore, the program has been given the classification of "NR - Not able to be Rated." It was reviewed because it was identified by the topic expert as a program being used in the field, or it is being marketed and/or used in California with children receiving services from child welfare or related systems and their parents/caregivers. Some programs that are not rated may have published, peer-reviewed research that does not meet the above stated criteria or may have eligible studies that have not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. For more information on the "NR - Not able to be Rated" classification, please see the Scientific Rating Scale.
Currently, there are no published, peer-reviewed research studies for Psychological First Aid (PFA).
Pynoos, R. S., & Nader, K. (1988). Psychological First Aid and treatment approach to children exposed to community violence: Research implications. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1(4), 445-473.
Ruzek, J. I., Brymer, M. J., Jacobs, A. K., & Layne, C. M. (2007). Psychological First Aid. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29(1), 17-49.
Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: July 2016
Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: August 2016
Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: August 2016