Psychological First Aid (PFA)

Note: The PFA program was not responsive to the CEBC's inquiry. The following information was obtained from publicly available sources.

Scientific Rating:
NR
Not able to be Rated
See scale of 1-5
Child Welfare System Relevance Level:
Medium
See descriptions of 3 levels

About This Program

Psychological First Aid (PFA) has been reviewed by the CEBC in the area of: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent), but lacks the necessary research evidence to be given a Scientific Rating.

Target Population: Children and adolescents in the immediate aftermath of a disaster or terrorism

Brief Description

PFA is a modular approach for assisting people in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism to reduce initial distress and to foster short- and long-term adaptive functioning. It is for use by first responders, incident command systems, primary and emergency health care providers, school crisis response teams, faith-based organizations, disaster relief organizations, Community Emergency Response Teams, Medical Reserve Corps, and the Citizens Corps in diverse settings.

Education and Training Resources

Publicly available information indicates there is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is some training available for this program.
See contact info below.

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research

This program has been reviewed and it was determined that this program lacks the type of published, peer-reviewed research that meets the CEBC criteria for a scientific rating of 1 – 5. Therefore, the program has been given the classification of "NR - Not able to be Rated." It was reviewed because it was identified by the topic expert as a program being used in the field, or it is being marketed and/or used in California with children receiving services from child welfare or related systems and their parents/caregivers. Some programs that are not rated may have published, peer-reviewed research that does not meet the above stated criteria or may have eligible studies that have not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. For more information on the "NR - Not able to be Rated" classification, please see the Scientific Rating Scale.

Child Welfare Outcomes: Not Specified

Currently, there are no published, peer-reviewed research studies for Psychological First Aid (PFA).

References

Pynoos, R. S., & Nader, K. (1988). Psychological First Aid and treatment approach to children exposed to community violence: Research implications. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1(4), 445-473.

Ruzek, J. I., Brymer, M. J., Jacobs, A. K., & Layne, C. M. (2007). Psychological First Aid. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 29(1), 17-49.

Contact Information

Name: Melissa Brymer
Website: www.nctsn.org/content/psychological-first-aid
Email:
Phone: (310) 235-2633 x227

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: July 2016

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: August 2016