The information in this program outline is provided by the program representative and edited by the CEBC staff. This program has been reviewed by the CEBC in the following Topic Areas:
About This Program
Target Population: Those working with juvenile justice system-involved youth which can include juvenile correctional or probation officers, youth care workers, teachers, social workers, judges, attorneys, guardian ad litems (GALs), or court-appointment special advocates (CASAs)
Think Trauma: A Training for Staff in Juvenile Justice Residential Settings is a skills-based, interactive trauma-focused training curriculum for frontline staff, educators, administrators, and others who work with adolescents in juvenile justice residential settings. The curriculum is developed in four modules and designed to be used in any program serving adolescents with trauma experiences that need all staff to have a common understanding of trauma and its impact. It can be used prior to implementing more trauma-specific services or beginning the journey of becoming a more trauma-responsive program. The manual contains specific and detailed information regarding with whom to implement, how to prepare for training, and provides prework which must be considered to prepare the organization. The curriculum itself is designed to be delivered either in full-day or modular form.
The goals of Think Trauma: A Training for Staff in Juvenile Justice Residential Settings are:
- Provide basic education about trauma to those working with youth
- Assist staff to develop empathy and understanding for youth who have experienced trauma
- Learn what strategies may be effective in working with youth with trauma
- Assist staff to understand the impact that this work can have upon them
- Provide staff and organizations strategies to deal with the array of stressors that come with working in these systems and with traumatized youth and families
The essential components of Think Trauma: A Training for Staff in Juvenile Justice Residential Settings include:
- Four modules:
- Module One: ‘Trauma and Delinquency’
- Defines trauma and traumatic stress in justice-involved youth
- Increases awareness of the prevalence of trauma in justice-involved youth
- Increases understanding of common behaviors exhibited in justice-involved youth who have experienced trauma
- Module Two: ‘Trauma’s Impact on Development’
- Explains the impact of trauma on multiple developmental domains
- Speaks to how traumas have the potential to disrupt the development of both affective and behavioral regulation skills as well as attachment to others
- Module Three: ‘Coping Strategies’
- Reframes problematic behavior typically exhibited in justice-involved youth as survival coping skills/strategies
- Module Four: ‘Vicarious Trauma, Organizational Stress, and Self-Care’
- Provides staff an overview of these concepts and how to manage them
This program is not a client-specific intervention, but a whole system approach that targets the entire organization.
This program is meant to be implemented at an organization and kept as a framework that helps the staff understand trauma better.
This program is typically conducted in a(n):
- Community Agency
- Juvenile detention/justice facility
This program does not include a homework component.
Think Trauma has materials available in a language other than English:
For information on which materials are available in this language, please check on the program's website or contact the program representative (contact information is listed at the bottom of this page).
Resources Needed to Run Program
The typical resources for implementing the program are:
There are no additional resources needed to add this program to an organization aside from the program materials.
Minimum Provider Qualifications
Implementing Think Trauma should be led by a mental health professional or someone with a mental health background and a frontline worker. In most instances, training provided by an experienced trainer is needed to train trainers prior to implementation.
Education and Training Resources
There is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is training available for this program.
- Monique Marrow, PhD
phone: (567) 868-9606
Training is obtained:
The Think Trauma curriculum may be downloaded from the website and taught to organization staff without any additional training from the curriculum developer. There are additional resources available online as well including videos and significant content to assist the trainer in the manual. With assistance from the curriculum developer, staff training is also available via a train-the-trainer model which enables multiple staff members to train future staff member on Think Trauma.
Number of days/hours:
Training of the Think Trauma curriculum itself requires approximately two days to be delivered. A train-the-trainer session takes approximately 2 days and is followed by opportunities for consultation.
Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research
This program has been reviewed and it was determined that this program lacks the type of published, peer-reviewed research that meets the CEBC criteria for a scientific rating of 1 – 5. Therefore, the program has been given the classification of "NR - Not able to be Rated." It was reviewed because it was identified by the topic expert as a program being used in the field, or it is being marketed and/or used in California with children receiving services from child welfare or related systems and their parents/caregivers. Some programs that are not rated may have published, peer-reviewed research that does not meet the above stated criteria or may have eligible studies that have not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. For more information on the "NR - Not able to be Rated" classification, please see the Scientific Rating Scale.
The following studies were not included in rating Think Trauma on the Scientific Rating Scale...
Marr, M., Surko, M., Storfer-Isser, A., Havens, J. F., Richardson, L., & Horwitz, S. M. (2015). Think Trauma Evaluation Questionnaire: Factor structure and feasibility of large scale administration. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 8(4), 229-235. doi:10.1007/s40653-015-0064-x
Note: This article is not used for rating because it does not evaluate the whole Think Trauma program. A 45-item Think Trauma Evaluation Questionnaire (TTEQ) was developed to assess participants’ changes in knowledge and attitudes. This article examines the factor structure and internal consistency of this questionnaire. Two-hundred and ninety-six employees at two secure juvenile detention centers completed the TTEQ. The results suggest that the questionnaire is feasible to administer to a large group and has a factor structure corresponding to areas covered in the curriculum.
Marrow, M., Benamati, J., Decker, K., Griffin, D., & Lott, D. A. (2012). Think Trauma: A training for staff in juvenile justice residential settings. Los Angeles: National Center for Child Traumatic Stress.
Marrow, M., Knudsen, K., Olafson, E., & Bucher, S. (2012). The value of implementing TARGET within a trauma-informed juvenile justice setting. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 5, 257-270.
Olafson, E., Boat, B. W., Putnam, K. T., Thieken, L., Marrow, M. T., & Putnam, F. W. (2016). Implementing Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents and Think Trauma for traumatized youth in secure juvenile justice settings. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/0886260516628287
- Monique Marrow, PhD
- Agency/Affiliation: UCONN-HC Center on Trauma Recovery and Juvenile Justice and University of Kentucky Center on Trauma and Children
- Website: www.nctsnet.org/products/think-trauma-training-staff-juvenile-justice-residential-settings
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Phone: (567) 868-9606
Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: April 2016
Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: June 2016
Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: June 2016