Trauma-Focused Integrated Play Therapy (TFIPT)

The information in this program outline is provided by the program representative and edited by the CEBC staff. This program has been reviewed by the CEBC in the following Topic Areas:

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About This Program

Target Population: Young sexually abused children who may be victims of other forms of trauma as well, including physical abuse, neglect, witnessing domestic violence, placement in foster care, etc.

For children/adolescents ages: 5 – 17

For parents/caregivers of children ages: 5 – 17

Brief Description

Trauma-Focused Integrated Play Therapy (TFIPT) is a program that utilizes a combination of directive and nondirective approaches in order to advance structured, goal-oriented therapy for abused children and their families. TFIPT attends to the developmental needs of young children, incorporates the scientific and practice literature, as well as evidence-based practices currently available, and promotes resolution of traumatic events by direct or indirect processing of traumatic incidents. This model includes a focused interest in facilitating, encouraging, and allowing nondirective play therapy which often leads to children’s discovery and utilization of post-traumatic play, a unique form of play which is a spontaneous occurrence with young children who experience psychic trauma. Post-traumatic play appears to be a child’s natural way to introduce gradual exposure, narrative formation, and trauma processing. Incorporating the curative factors of expressive therapy techniques (e.g., play, art, and sand therapy techniques) as valuable therapy components in and of themselves, rather than as a way to primarily engage or teach children or advance other goals, is also a distinctive feature of this approach.

Program Goals:

The goals of Trauma-Focused Integrated Play Therapy (TFIPT) are:

  • Conduct a comprehensive assessment of child’s phenomenological experience of trauma and trauma impact
  • Identify trauma-related symptoms, if any
  • Help child explore and express thoughts and feelings associated with children’s abuse
  • Increase coping strategies and self-regulation to restore pre-abuse functioning
  • Ensure child’s access to internal and external resources
  • Enhance child’s self-esteem and sense of competence

Contact Information

Eliana Gil
Agency/Affiliation: Gil Institute for Trauma Recovery and Education, PLLC
Phone: (202) 257-2783
Fax: (703) 205-0491

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: December 2015

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: November 2016

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: May 2006