Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (TREM)

The information in this program outline is provided by the program representative and edited by the CEBC staff. This program has been rated by the CEBC in the following Topic Areas:

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About This Program

Target Population: Women who have a history of sexual, physical, and/or emotional abuse and can have severe mental health problems and frequent co-occurring substance abuse issues

Brief Description

TREM is a fully manualized 24- to 29-session group intervention for women who survived trauma and have substance use and/or mental health conditions. This model draws on cognitive–behavioral, skills training, and psychoeducational techniques to address recovery and healing from sexual, physical, and emotional abuse. TREM consists of three major parts. The first section, on empowerment, helps group members learn strategies for self-comfort and accurate self-monitoring as well as ways to establish safe physical and emotional boundaries. The second component of TREM focuses more directly on trauma experience and its consequences. In the third section, focus shifts explicitly to skills building. These sessions include emphases on communication style, decision-making, regulating overwhelming feelings, and establishing safer, more reciprocal relationships.

Program Goals:

The overall goals of the Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (TREM) are:

  • Increased trauma recovery skills
    • Increased self-esteem
    • Increased boundary-setting
    • Increased emotional regulation
    • Increased judgment and decision-making
  • Decreased mental health symptoms
    • Decreased anxiety
    • Decreased depression
    • Decreased hostility
    • Decreased posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms
  • Decreased substance abuse

Contact Information

Rebecca Wolfson Berley, MSW
Agency/Affiliation: Community Connections
Phone: (202) 608-4735
Fax: (202) 544-5365

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: September 2016

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: October 2014

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: July 2013