Trauma Systems Therapy – Foster Care (TST-FC)
About This Program
Target Population: Resource and birth parents of youth aged birth-21and child welfare casework staff who work with those youth
For parents/caregivers of children ages: 0 – 21
TST-FC is a 4-module group-based training for resource parents and birth parents of youth in foster care. It is designed to provide training on definitions and impact of trauma, as well as specific approaches and interventions to parent more effectively, including a focus on parental self-care. TST-FC provides a trauma-informed approach based on the Trauma Systems Therapy (TST) model. Staff within a foster care agency are identified and trained to be TST-FC trainers. TST-FC can be used as a stand-alone model, or in conjunction with full TST implementation.
The goals of Trauma Systems Therapy – Foster Care (TST-FC) are:
- Increase awareness of trauma-specific concepts for resource parents providing care to foster youth in order to improve quality of care and to decrease placement disruptions
- Increase awareness of trauma-specific concepts for birth families of youth in foster care, to increase understanding and prepare for reunification
- Provide specific strategies and interventions to resource parents to improve quality of care and to decrease placement disruptions
- Provide specific strategies and interventions to birth families of youth in foster care to improve the quality of interactions and prepare for reunification
- Increase awareness of trauma-specific concepts for casework staff in foster care agencies that have not implemented Trauma Systems Therapy (TST) to improve the quality of support provided to youth and caregivers
The essential components of Trauma Systems Therapy – Foster Care (TST-FC) include:
- Places the focus on the intersection of the traumatized child’s emotional functioning and behavioral functioning as well as that child’s environment, relationships, and psycho-social supports.
- Organizational model that helps to embed trauma-informed concepts and practices within the organizational structure and culture of a child welfare agency as part of the implementation of TST-FC into the agency if TST is not already implemented.
- Manualized, highly interactive group training for caregivers (foster parents, birth parents, and kinship foster parents) of youth in foster care and the child welfare caseworker staff if TST is not already implemented into the agency
- Designed to be provided in groups, which can range in size from small to large. If a large group, the facilitator will divide into smaller break out subgroups for discussion and activities
- Composed of 4 modules which can be provided flexibly depending on the needs of the setting (i.e., 4 sessions of 2-hour groups, 2 sessions of 4-hour groups, 1 8-hour group session)
- Fully manualized, including a facilitator’s guide, as well as participant handouts and activities
- Utilizes language, concepts, and tools from the Trauma Systems Therapy modelCan be used either as a stand-alone model for agencies that want to incorporate trauma specific principles and tools, or in conjunction with full TST implementation
- Helps caregivers understand the importance of their role as part of the treatment team helping a foster child cope with the impact of their traumatic experiences
- Provides casework and clinical staff in a foster care setting with the concepts, language, and tools they need to effectively understand and meet the trauma specific needs of the youth and caregivers they are supporting as part of the implementation of TST-FC into the agency if TST is not already implemented
Trauma Systems Therapy – Foster Care (TST-FC) directly provides services to parents/caregivers and addresses the following:
- Caregivers (foster parent, birth parents, or kinship care providers) of children with internalizing and externalizing behaviors and, exposure to trauma; caregivers may also lack communication, nurturing, and self-care skills.
Services Involve Family/Support Structures:
This program involves the family or other support systems in the individual's treatment: If a caregiver wanted to bring a babysitter, extended family member, etc to the group sessions because they also are caregivers to the children, that would be appropriate.
Four 2-hour group modules delivered to caregivers (foster/birth families) in a variety of configurations and ongoing intervention provided by child welfare professionals to the caregivers they oversee
The caregivers participate in the entire group curriculum, which is 8 hours in total and can last one day to 4 weeks, but the language, tools, and strategy taught caregivers is used by the caseworkers throughout the child’s involvement with child welfare services
This program is typically conducted in a(n):
- Birth Family Home
- Community Agency
- Department of Social Services
- Foster/Kinship Care
Trauma Systems Therapy – Foster Care (TST-FC) includes a homework component:
Caregivers are provided with tools and handouts to complete and to use with the youth in their care.
Resources Needed to Run Program
The typical resources for implementing the program are:
TST-FC is provided within a foster care/child welfare agency by the child welfare professionals who are already employed by the agency. No additional personnel are required. Rather, existing staff members are trained to provide the group modules, and the ongoing interventions and supports. The group trainings are typically provided in an agency, but can be provided in community spaces as well (a community center, church/synagogue, YMCA, etc.). The TST-FC tools and interventions are provided as an integrated component of the ongoing work. There are PowerPoint slides to be used in the group presentations. Ideally, these would be projected, requiring a computer, a projector, and a screen or blank wall. If this is not possible, the slides can be printed and reviewed as hardcopy materials during the group sessions.
Education and Training
Prerequisite/Minimum Provider Qualifications
TST-FC is designed to be provided by a foster care agency using their existing child welfare personnel. A minimum of a bachelor’s degree is required.
Education and Training Resources
There is a manual that describes how to implement this program , and there is training available for this program.
- Adam Brown, PsyD
phone: (646) 754-5103
Training is obtained:
Training is typically provided onsite. Specific training needs will be discussed and arranged to meet the needs of the agency.
Number of days/hours:
Training will be tailored to meet the needs of the agency, though it typically consists of two days of onsite training. Ongoing technical assistance is also available for any agency that is interested, to be arranged on an individual basis. If interested, please contact the training contact above.
Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research
This program has been reviewed and it was determined that this program lacks the type of published, peer-reviewed research that meets the CEBC criteria for a scientific rating of 1 – 5. Therefore, the program has been given the classification of "NR - Not able to be Rated." It was reviewed because it was identified by the topic expert as a program being used in the field, or it is being marketed and/or used in California with children receiving services from child welfare or related systems and their parents/caregivers. Some programs that are not rated may have published, peer-reviewed research that does not meet the above stated criteria or may have eligible studies that have not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. For more information on the "NR - Not able to be Rated" classification, please see the Scientific Rating Scale.
Currently, there are no published, peer-reviewed research studies for Trauma Systems Therapy – Foster Care (TST-FC).
Murphy, K., Moore, K., Redd, Z., & Malm, K. (2017). Trauma-informed child welfare systems and children's well-being: A longitudinal evaluation of KVC's bridging the way home initiative. Children and Youth Services Review, 75, 23-34. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.02.008
Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: May 2018
Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: May 2018
Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: May 2018