Topic: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)

Scientific Ratings in this topic:

1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence

2 - Supported by Research Evidence

3 - Promising Research Evidence

4 - Evidence Fails to Demonstrate Effect

5 - Concerning Practice

NR - Not able to be Rated

Learn more about the scale

Definition for Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent):

Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent) are defined by the CEBC as programs in which there is a structured relationship between a child or adolescent involved in the child welfare system and an older individual (the mentor), with the goal of developing the competence and potential of the child or adolescent (the mentee). Children placed in foster, kinship, and congregate care may experience multiple placement changes and/or reunification, leading to instability in home, neighborhood, school, and community environments. A mentor may serve as a stable adult in a young person’s life throughout these transitions.

  • Target population: Children and adolescents involved in the child welfare system, especially those in out-of-home care
  • Services/types that fit: Programs in which there is a structured relationship between a child/youth and an older individual, with the goal of developing the competence and potential of the mentee
  • Delivered by: Trained adult mentors and the agency staff that supervise them (child welfare staff, mental health professionals, or trained paraprofessionals)
  • In order to be included: Mentoring services must be a primary mechanism for the program
  • In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by Scientific Rating Scale) that examines outcomes for the youth, such as changes in child welfare outcomes (reduced out-of-home placement, placement changes, etc.) or changes in youth behavior, symptom levels, and/or functioning.

Why was Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent) chosen as a topic by the Advisory Committee? (Click for Answer)

The Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent) topic area is relevant to child welfare because mentoring programs can be a way for improving outcomes for youth in the child welfare system. Children in the foster care system often lack connections to adults who can provide support and guidance, and model how to successfully negotiate the many challenges in life. Too many foster children limit their own expectations for themselves since they lack the opportunities to see possibilities for their lives.

Danna Fabella, Director
Federal Linkages
Child & Family Policy Institute of California
Sacramento, CA

Programs in this Topic Area

The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.

Programs with a Scientific Rating of 2 - Supported by Research Evidence:

  • Fostering Healthy Futures (FHF)detailed view
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Boys and girls, ages 9-11, placed in out-of-home care in the prior two years as a result of maltreatment

Programs with a Scientific Rating of 3 - Promising Research Evidence:

  • Across Ages – non-responder
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth ages 9 to 13 who are at a high-risk for substance abuse
  • Big Brothers Big Sisters of America (BBBSA)detailed view
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth aged 6-18 who may come from disadvantaged situations, such as single-parent homes, low-income homes, or homes with an absent ...
  • Friends for Youth Mentoring Servicesdetailed view
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth who are referred by teachers, counselors, probation officers, county mental health workers, Children’s Protective Services, and other ...

Programs with a Scientific Rating of NR - Not able to be Rated:

  • BEST Kidsdetailed view
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth aged 6 to 21 years who are currently in or have been in the child welfare system
  • Mentoring USA Foster Care Program – non-responder
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Children and youth (7-21 years) in foster care
  • One-on-One Mentoring Program – non-responder
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth ages 14 to 21 years involved in the child welfare system
  • Silver Lining Mentoring (SLM)detailed view
    [Adoption and Foster Care Mentoring]
    Topics: Mentoring Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth with current or prior experience in foster care