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Topic: Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent)

Scientific Ratings in this topic:
1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence
2 - Supported by Research Evidence
3 - Promising Research Evidence
4 - Evidence Fails to Demonstrate Effect
5 - Concerning Practice
NR - Not able to be Rated

Definition for Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent):

Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent) is defined by the CEBC as treatment designed to help a child or adolescent process a trauma or multiple traumas he or she experienced and learn how to cope with the feelings associated with the experience (e.g., fear, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, depression, etc.). The trauma can be abuse, neglect, and/or exposure to domestic violence, as is the case in most child welfare cases, or it can be a physical or sexual assault, exposure to community violence, a natural or man-made disaster, exposure to war, the death or imprisonment of a parent, having a relative go through a traumatic event, or a combination of any of the above.

  • Target population: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma
  • Services/types that fit: Typically outpatient services, either individual or group
  • Delivered by: Mental health professionals
  • In order to be included: Program must specifically target trauma treatment as a goal
  • In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by Scientific Rating Scale) that examines trauma-related outcomes, such changes in symptom levels, behaviors, and/or functioning

The Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent) topic area was added to this website in 2006. Every two years, a research-focused literature review is conducted on each rated program in this topic area. The date of the last research review is located on the bottom of each program page.

Why is the Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent) topic area relevant to child welfare? (Click for Answer)

The Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent) topic area is relevant to child welfare because the effect of the trauma that abuse and neglect causes to children is detrimental and pervasive. While it is known that research exists on the most effective ways to treat traumatized children, the child welfare community has not widely focused on this research. Child welfare courts and counties regularly refer children to treatment, but have little information on the therapeutic methods being used by individual practitioners or agencies that provide treatment to traumatized children. If counties and courts are aware of the practices that have shown to be most effective for managing the impact of physical and sexual abuse, as well as exposure to domestic violence and neglect, referrals can be made to agencies that utilize these practices. This would increase the safety and well-being of the children they serve. In addition, the selection of effective therapies could have an impact on assisting children to adjust and stabilize in out-of-home placement, thereby impacting permanency.

Deborah Reeves, MSW
Former CEBC Advisory Committee Member

Programs in this topic area

Here are your search results for programs in the area of Trauma Treatment (Child & Adolescent):

The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.

Programs with a Scientific Rating of 1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence:

  • Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Adolescents (PE-A)detailed view
    Topics: Anxiety Treatment (Child & Adolescent), Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Adolescents who have experienced a trauma (e.g., sexual assault, car accident, violent crimes, etc). The program has also been ...
  • Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT)detailed view
    Topics: Anxiety Treatment (Child & Adolescent), Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Children with a known trauma history who are experiencing significant Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, whether or not they meet ...

Programs with a Scientific Rating of 2 - Supported by Research Evidence:

  • Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP)detailed view
    Topics: Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence: Services for Victims and their Children, Infant and Toddler Mental Health Programs (Birth to 3), Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Children age 0-5, who have experienced a trauma, and their caregivers

Programs with a Scientific Rating of 3 - Promising Research Evidence:

  • Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT)detailed view
    [Abuse-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy]
    Topics: Interventions for Abusive Behavior, Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Caregivers who are emotionally or physically aggressive or abusive with their children, children who experience behavioral dysfunction, especially aggression, or ...
  • Child and Family Traumatic Stress Intervention (CFTSI)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Children ages 7-18 recently exposed to a potentially traumatic event, or having recently disclosed physical or sexual abuse, and endorsing ...
  • Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS)detailed view
    Topics: Anxiety Treatment (Child & Adolescent), Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    3rd through 8th grade students who screened positive for exposure to a traumatic event and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder ...
  • Preschool PTSD Treatment (PPT)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    3-6 year old children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms
  • SITCAP-ARTdetailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    At-risk and adjudicated youth, ages 12-17, with a history of trauma and/or loss
  • Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy for Adolescents (TARGET)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth ages 10-18 with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Trauma-Focused Coping (TFC)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Children and adolescents in schools who have suffered a traumatic exposure (e.g., disaster, violence, murder, suicide, fire, accidents)

Programs with a Scientific Rating of NR - Not able to be Rated:

  • Forensically Sensitive Therapy (FST)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Children 3-17 years of age who have experienced sexual abuse trauma.
  • Intergenerational Trauma Treatment Model, The (ITTM)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment (Adult), Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Children ages 3-18 and their parents/caregivers burdened by the impact, symptoms and behaviors of traumatic events or unacceptable living ...
  • Restorative Approach, Thedetailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - System-Level Programs (Child & Adolescent)
    Youth-serving professionals working with groups of youth exposed to trauma in the mental health, juvenile justice, and education fields
  • Structured Psychotherapy for Adolescents Responding to Chronic Stress (SPARCS)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Traumatized adolescents with a history of exposure to chronic interpersonal trauma (such as ongoing physical abuse) and/or separate types ...
  • Trauma Systems Therapy (TST)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    The combination of a traumatized child/adolescent between the ages 6 and 19 who, when exposed to trauma reminders, has difficulty regulating ...
  • Trauma-Focused Integrated Play Therapy (TFIPT)detailed view
    Topics: Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Young sexually abused children who may be victims of other forms of trauma as well, including physical abuse, neglect, witnessing ...
  • Voices: A Program of Self-Discovery and Empowerment for Girlsdetailed view
    Topics: Substance Abuse Treatment (Adolescent), Trauma Treatment - Client-Level Interventions (Child & Adolescent)
    Females 12 - 24 years old with substance abuse and/or trauma