Topic: Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood Programs

Scientific Ratings in this topic:

1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence

2 - Supported by Research Evidence

3 - Promising Research Evidence

4 - Evidence Fails to Demonstrate Effect

5 - Concerning Practice

NR - Not able to be Rated

Learn more about the scale

Definition for Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood Programs:

Youth Transitioning into Adulthood Programs are defined by the CEBC programs to support youth who age out of the child welfare system while in out-of-home care and are transitioning out of the foster care system. Every year in California, more than 4,000 youth age out of foster care. The youth who age out of foster care are at high risk of having difficulty managing the transition from dependent adolescence to independent adulthood. Foster youth face unique challenges for making a successful transition into adulthood in employment, higher education, marriage, and parenthood. A large number of these youth have special needs including mental health issues and disabilities, both learning and physical. The transition period from adolescence to adulthood is longer and more complex for today's young adults. Former foster youth face the added burden of a disrupted childhood and possible lack of family support.

  • Target population: Youth who age out of the child welfare system while in out-of-home care
  • Services/types that fit: Services including assessment, case planning, case management, education, and/or skill building
  • Delivered by: Child welfare caseworkers, trained paraprofessionals, educators, and mental health professionals
  • In order to be included: Program must specifically target the needs of youth aging out of the foster care system as a goal
  • In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by Scientific Rating Scale) that examines outcomes for youth aging out of care, such as family connections, employment, higher education, housing, and parenthood

Why was Youth Transitioning Into Adulthood Programs chosen as a topic by the Advisory Committee? (Click for Answer)

The Youth Transitioning into Adulthood Programs topic area is relevant to child welfare because older foster youth may need assistance obtaining the skills and knowledge required for a successful transition into adulthood. Since the passing of the Chaffee Foster Care Independence Act, some funds have been available to serve this population. However, outcome studies still demonstrate many youth are homeless, pregnant, and unemployed after leaving care. Child Welfare Agencies and the Courts need information on effective youth transitioning services and supports; and need to know how to help youth establish or re-establish strong and enduring ties to one or more nurturing adults.

Roseann Myers
Former CEBC Advisory Committee Member

Programs in this Topic Area

The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.

Programs with a Scientific Rating of NR - Not able to be Rated: