Treatment Foster Parent Satisfaction Survey (TFP-SS)

Assessment Rating:
B – Psychometrics Demonstrated
See entire scale

Amy Strickler, PhD, & Jennifer R. Mihalo, MS

Description / Purpose:

Type of Tool: Treatment Foster Parent Satisfaction Survey (TFP-SS) is an Assessment Tool.

The Treatment Foster Parent Satisfaction Survey (TFP-SS) was created as a measurement tool designed to measure treatment parent satisfaction and retention.

The TFP-SS was developed to assess critical domains of treatment parent satisfaction and retention. The survey was validated with a large sample of treatment parents to measure treatment parent satisfaction and retention.

The survey contains 28 total questions.

25 questions assess four domains of treatment parent satisfaction:

  1. Professional Parenting Role
  2. Treatment Parent Efficacy
  3. Quality of Training
  4. Support from Staff

Three additional questions measure overall satisfaction, intent to continue fostering with the agency, and intent to refer others to become treatment parents with the agency.

There is also a space where parents can include additional comments or suggestions.

Target Population: 18 years and older who are providing foster care to youth placed in their home

Time to Administer: 10 minutes

Completed By: Foster parents or treatment level foster parents

Modalities Available: Pen and Paper, Online

Scoring Information: The user guide provides scoring and interpretation information. The survey can be scored using simple formulas in Microsoft Excel.

Languages Available: English, Spanish

Training Requirements for Intended Users: Bachelor’s degree and reading the user guide before implementation

Availability: Copies of the tool can be obtained by e-mailing Amy Strickler: The tool is copyrighted, and price is dependent on organization size is associated with using the tool.

Contact Information

Company: Pressley Ridge
Name: Amy Strickler
Phone: (412) 992-0031

Summary of Relevant Psychometric Research

This tool has received the Measurement Tools Rating of "B – Psychometrics Demonstrated" based on the published, peer-reviewed research available. The tool must have 1 published, peer-reviewed study that has established the measure’s psychometrics (e.g., reliability and validity, sensitivity and specificity, etc.). Please see the Measurement Tools Rating Scale for more information.

Mihalo, J. R., Strickler, A., Triplett, D., & Trunzo, A. (2016). Treatment foster parent satisfaction: Survey validation and predictors of satisfaction, retention, and intent to refer. Children and Youth Services Review, 62, 105–110.


Participants — 777 treatment foster families

Race/Ethnicity — 51% Black/African American, 45% White/Caucasian, and 6% Hispanic/Other


This study explores the constructs of treatment foster parent satisfaction by: 1) Establishing psychometric properties for the Treatment Foster Parent Satisfaction Survey (TFP-SS), and 2) Determining whether TFP-SS responses predict treatment foster parents' overall satisfaction, likelihood to remain treatment foster parents, and likelihood to refer someone to become a treatment foster parent. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a four-factor model with a total of 25-items accounting for 58.7% of the variance in responses. Cronbach's alphas were calculated for each factor/construct to determine reliability of each subscale: results ranged from 0.78–0.91, all of which are considered to be high. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine effects of scores from newly formed survey constructs (Professional Parenting, Efficacy, Support, and Training) on the likelihood that treatment foster parents were classified in high vs. low groups for: overall satisfaction, intent to continue, and intent to refer. Significant relationships were seen for all of the constructs except Training.

Strickler, A., Mihalo, J. R., & Celedonia, K. L. (2018). Reducing barriers to using data: A learning collaborative approach to leverage collective knowledge about treatment parent satisfaction and retention. Children and Youth Services Review, 95, 300–307.


Participants — 791 treatment parents from 21 different programs across 9 organizations

Race/Ethnicity — 55% Caucasian, 40% African American, 3% Other, 1% American Indian, and 1% Asian


Measuring treatment parent satisfaction is an important area of interest for foster care programs to improve quality of services, or to meet demands from funders or program leadership. Treatment parent satisfaction is an important indicator of quality services due to its association with retention, placement stability, and permanency for youth. One way to effectively measure treatment parent satisfaction is to use a standardized assessment tool that can help guide areas for intervention as well as monitor improvements after changes have been made. The Treatment Foster Parent Satisfaction Survey (TFP-SS) was developed to measure treatment parent satisfaction through four constructs: Professional Parenting Role, Treatment Foster Parent Efficacy, Support from Staff, and Quality of Training. In this study, foster care organizations used the TFP-SS as part of a learning collaborative effort, and results were used to develop benchmarks for TFP-SS each domain.

Date Reviewed: September 2021 (Originally reviewed in September 2021)