Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP)

Scientific Rating:
Promising Research Evidence
See scale of 1-5

Additional Implementation Resources

Since this program Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) was highly rated on the Scientific Rating Scale, program representatives were asked to provide additional implementation information.

Pre-Implementation Materials

There are pre-implementation materials to measure organizational or provider readiness for Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) as listed below:

In Washington State, the University of Washington Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit oversees and provides technical assistance for implementation and conducts evaluation. Outside of Washington State, the Washington State Parent-Child Assistance Program (see contact information below) provides consultation on the model as requested and provides ongoing technical assistance as contracted.

The following training resources are also available on the PCAP website (

  • Administrative forms and protocols
  • Evaluation forms and protocols
  • Training videos and demonstrations of PCAP methods
  • Complete list of PCAP peer-reviewed publications and book chapters

Formal Support for Implementation

There is formal support available for implementation of Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) as listed below:

The following tools and materials are available on PCAP website (

  • Pre-implementation checklist: In implementing PCAP in a new community, it is essential that core components of the model be maintained if PCAP demonstrated outcomes are to be achieved. The pre-implementation checklist helps providers assesses readiness to adopt the model. It first asks questions regarding the community setting and the hosting agency setting. Next, the checklist asks questions regarding eight core components of the model. Each component has an “anchor” statement that describes what the ideal implementation of the PCAP model would look like relevant to that characteristic.
  • PCAP manual including chapter describing what is required to implement PCAP
  • PowerPoint presentation to introduce PCAP to community members and potential providers

Fidelity Measures

There are fidelity measures for Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) as listed below:

The PCAP fidelity measure is a quality assurance tool that helps assess a provider’s degree of adherence to the model. The assessment is organized into ten core components of the model. Each characteristic has one “anchor” statement that describes what the ideal replication of the PCAP model would look like relevant to that characteristic. The fidelity measure can be used to help agencies or communities determine how well they meet criteria for implementing the evidence-based model; determine whether changes need to be made in implementation; and track improvements over time. The measure can also be used to help outside evaluators understand the PCAP model elements. The Fidelity measure is available on PCAP website at

Implementation Guides or Manuals

There are implementation guides or manuals for Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) as listed below:

The PCAP manual is a 129-page PDF document organized into eight sections.

Research on How to Implement the Program

Research has been conducted on how to implement Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP) as listed below:

There are three published articles on Canadian PCAP implementation:

Rasmussen, C., Kully-Martens, K., Denys, K., Badry, D., Henneveld, D., Wyper, K., & Grant, T. (2012). The effectiveness of a community-based intervention program for women at-risk for giving birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Community Mental Health Journal, 48(1), 12-21. doi: 10.1007/s10597-010-9342-0.

Thanh, N. X., Jonsson, E., Moffatt, J., Dennett, D., Chuck, A. W., & Birchard, S. (2015). An economic evaluation of the Parent–Child Assistance Program for preventing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Alberta, Canada. Administrative Policy and Mental Health, 42(1), 10-18. doi:10.1007/s10488-014-0537-5

Umlah, C., & Grant, T. (2003). Intervening to prevent prenatal alcohol and drug exposure: The Manitoba experience in replicating a paraprofessional model. Envision: The Manitoba Journal of Child Welfare, 2(1), 1-12.