Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP)
About This Program
Target Population: Families with at least one child aged 10 or younger, or pregnant, who are identified as being exposed to two or more risk factors including, but not limited to, poverty, past maltreatment history, domestic violence, chemical dependency, and emotional or behavioral health problems; Minor parents and nontraditional caregivers such as relatives or nonresident parents.
For parents/caregivers of children ages: 0 – 10
The Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP) is a voluntary, early intervention program that focuses on a family’s strengths and needs and aims to help pregnant and parenting families thrive. The program is available through all Minnesota counties, and the White Earth and Leech Lake reservations. Families can refer themselves or be referred by community or social service agencies. Parent Support Outreach Program workers conduct comprehensive assessments of families’ needs and strengths and, together, make decisions about what services or community resources are the best choices for success. The overarching goals are to enhance the well-being of children and families, ensure and maintain safety for children, and support families so they can meet the needs of their children by themselves and through support systems.
The goals of the Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP) are:
- Reduced risk of child maltreatment by addressing unmet family needs and employing family strengths
- Improved overall family well-being as measured by the strengths and needs assessment
The program representative did not provide information about a Logic Model for Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP).
The essential components of the Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP) include:
- Voluntary family support program
- Grounded in home visiting principles
- Filling the service gap between families seeking assistance on their own and families mandated to services
- Flexible funding available to assist families with basic needs, such as housing or childcare
- Emphasizing respectful engagement, partnership with families, and recognition of strengths
- Focus on improving and sustaining child and family well-being
- Focus on father engagement and nonresident parent engagement
- Creating linkages for families to longer-term supportive services and resources, such as mental health or parenting supports
Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP) directly provides services to parents/caregivers and addresses the following:
- Parent of a child who is at risk for child maltreatment due to child’s behavioral challenges, parenting behaviors, domestic violence, financial concerns, poor relationships and social supports, cultural challenges, grief/loss, school/education concerns; lack of access to: basic needs (e.g., food, clothing, and housing, family health services (i.e., medical care, mental and chemical health services), transportation, childcare, resource management services
Services Involve Family/Support Structures:
This program involves the family or other support systems in the individual's treatment: Parent Support Outreach Program workers conduct comprehensive assessments of families’ needs and strengths and, together, make decisions about what services or community resources are the best choices for success. A case plan is created with the family that address their identified needs, while building on their strengths and involving both formal and informal support systems.
Services and contacts are based solely on a family’s individual needs and risk level. A minimum of once-a-month face-to-face contact is recommended, with additional telephone and email contacts to assist family in meeting goals.
No specific time limit, but services are usually very specific and time limited (90–180 days average).
This program is typically conducted in a(n):
- Adoptive Home
- Birth Family Home
- Community-based Agency / Organization / Provider
- Public Child Welfare Agency (Dept. of Social Services, etc.)
This program does not include a homework component.
Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP) has materials available in languages other than English:
Hmong, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese
For information on which materials are available in these languages, please check on the program's website or contact the program representative (contact information is listed at the bottom of this page).
Resources Needed to Run Program
The typical resources for implementing the program are:
Service provider must be able to meet with families facing various challenges to engage them in services and be knowledgeable about a wide range of available community resources. Providers must be able to make home visits and be accessible by telephone.
Manuals and Training
Prerequisite/Minimum Provider Qualifications
Providers are most often professionals with a degree in human services, social work, public health or similar, and knowledge of community resources.
There is a manual that describes how to deliver this program.
The Minnesota Department of Human Services has a bulletin and provides best practice guidance for local social services agencies implementing PSOP. Bulletins and documents are published online as they are updated and all resources can be found here.
There is training available for this program.
- Charlotte McDonald, MSW, LICSW
phone: (651) 431-4972
The MN Child Welfare Training Academy provides foundation training for child welfare agency staff. State supported Regional Communities of Practice training occurs quarterly. Individual agency information and consultation provided via phone or email as needed or requested.
Number of days/hours:
Regional Communities of Practice meetings occur quarterly and are approximately 3 hours in length. Additional training is scheduled as needed. No separate training for different roles (supervisor, provider).
Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research
Currently, there are no published, peer-reviewed research studies for Parent Support Outreach Program (PSOP).
Institute of Applied Research. (2009). Minnesota Parent Support Outreach Program evaluation: Final report. http://www.iarstl.org/papers/PSOPFinalReport.pdf
Thompson, D., Siegel, G. L., & Loma, L. A. (2008). The Parent Support Outreach Program: Minnesota’s early intervention track, Protecting Children, 23(1 & 2), 23–29. https://nfpn.org/media/azvedki3/ncfas-g-research-report-aha-protecting-children-journal.pdf#page=25
- Charlotte McDonald, MSW, LICSW
- Agency/Affiliation: Minnesota Department of Human Services, Child Safety and Permanency Division
- Website: mn.gov/dhs/people-we-serve/children-and-families/services/child-protection/programs-services/parent-support-outreach.jsp
- Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
- Phone: (651) 431-4972
Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: December 2011
Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: February 2021
Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: December 2011