Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS)
There are pre-implementation materials to measure organizational or provider readiness for Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS) as listed below:
A PATHS® Readiness Tool is available at the EpisCenter, Penn State University (http://www.episcenter.psu.edu/sites/default/files/ebp/PATHS_ReadinessTool_2020-01-09.pdf).
Formal Support for Implementation
There is formal support available for implementation of Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS) as listed below:
PATHS® Training LLC provides active support for implementation onsite or through coaching calls. Support is available at any time by request. All consultation is optional and fees vary depending on services requested.
PATHS® Program Holding LLC offers a 3-hour video online training webinar and a 3-hour booster webinar.
There are fidelity measures for Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS) as listed below:
An Implementation Record and Evaluation Form is included in the PATHS® Evaluation Kit (included in the program kits). This measure is a practitioner self-report assessment. Use of the form is optional.
Evaluation and observation forms to assess fidelity and collect other data are available at EpisCenter, Penn State University (http://www.episcenter.psu.edu/ebp/altthinking/evaltools).
A PATHS® Program Monitoring Form for use by trained classroom observers is available by request from the publisher, PATHS® Program LLC.
Video recordings of lessons can be submitted to trained staff at PATHS® Program LLC for evaluation by arrangement. There is a fee for this service.
Implementation Guides or Manuals
There are implementation guides or manuals for Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS) as listed below:
An implementation manual is included with each curriculum kit (published by PATHS® Program LLC):
Kusché, C. A., & Greenberg, M. T. (2011). PATHS®: An Introduction to the Curriculum. PATHS® Program LLC.
All instructions for delivering the lessons are included in the PATHS® lesson binders. The introduction guide is a separate manual that includes the following topics and more:
- Implementing the PATHS® Curriculum Effectively
- Training and Technical Support
- Implementation is a Multi-Year Process
- Who Should Receive PATHS® Lessons?
- Preparing to Teach the PATHS® Curriculum
- Some Common Problems in Implementation
- SEL and Educational Standards
- Bridging the PATHS® Curriculum with Other Academic Curricula
- Encouraging Parent Involvement
- Evidence of Program Effectiveness, a Summary of the Conceptual Framework
Research on How to Implement the Program
Research has been conducted on how to implement Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS) as listed below:
Faria, A-M., Kendziora, K., Brown, L., O’Brien, B., & Osher, D. (2013). PATHS implementation and outcome study in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District: Final report. American Institutes for Research. https://www.air.org/sites/default/files/downloads/report/Evaluation_of_PATHS_in_CMSD_final_report_6_2413_0.pdf
Gibson, J. E., Werner, S. S., & Sweeney, A. (2015). Evaluating an abbreviated version of the PATHS curriculum implemented by school mental health clinicians. Psychology in the Schools, 52(6), 549–561. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21844
Ross, S. R., Sheard, M. K., & Slavin, R. E. (2019). PATHS® Programme for Schools (NI Version) data collection: Data from the evaluation of Barnardos NI PATHS programme by the Institute for Effective Education at University of York and Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. Children’s Research Network. https://childrensresearchnetwork.org/knowledge/research/paths-programme-for-schools-ni-version-data-collection
Kam, C. M., Greenberg, M. T., & Walls, C. T. (2003). Examining the role of implementation quality in school-based prevention using the PATHS curriculum. Prevention Science, 4, 55–63. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021786811186