Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM)

Note: The TRM program was not responsive to the CEBC's inquiry. The following information was obtained from publicly available sources.

About This Program

Target Population: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma

Program Overview

TRM is a mind-body approach and focuses on the biological basis of trauma and the automatic, defensive ways that the human body responds when faced with perceived threats to self and others, including the responses of tend and befriend, fight, flight and freeze.
TRM explores the concept of resiliency and how to restore balance to the body and the mind after traumatic experiences. When the focus is on normal biological responses to extraordinary events, there is a paradigm shift from symptoms being described as biological rather than as pathological or as mental weakness. As traumatic stress symptoms are normalized, feelings of shame and self-blame are reduced or eliminated. Symptoms are viewed as the body’s attempt to re-establish balance to the nervous system.

TRM has been designed as both a trauma reprocessing treatment model as well as a self-care model. The nervous system is reset or rebalanced through a skills-based approach that can be learned and practiced independently. The skills help develop a sense of personal mastery and self-management over intense physical and emotional states. Survivors often report a renewed sense of hope as the activities of daily living become easier to manage as skills are incorporated into life as a wellness practice.

Traditional talk therapy primarily focuses on changing limiting beliefs leading to insight and problem solving strategies. These interventions can be helpful, however, the part of the brain responding to traumatic experience may not benefit fully from cognitive-based interventions. Thus there is a need for a sensory-based stabilization model that focuses on sensations associated with internal resiliency. The TRM skills can be a standalone intervention but they can also be integrated into other treatment modalities.

Education and Training

Education and Training Resources

Publicly available information indicates there is a manual that describes how to implement this program, and there is some training available for this program.
See contact info below.

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research

This program has been reviewed and it was determined that this program lacks the type of published, peer-reviewed research that meets the CEBC criteria for a scientific rating of 1 – 5. Therefore, the program has been given the classification of "NR - Not able to be Rated." It was reviewed because it was identified by the topic expert as a program being used in the field, or it is being marketed and/or used in California with children receiving services from child welfare or related systems and their parents/caregivers. Some programs that are not rated may have published, peer-reviewed research that does not meet the above stated criteria or may have eligible studies that have not yet been published in the peer-reviewed literature. For more information on the "NR - Not able to be Rated" classification, please see the Scientific Rating Scale.

Currently, there are no published, peer-reviewed research studies for Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM).

Additional References

No reference materials are currently available for Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM).

Contact Information

Elaine Miller-Karas
Phone: (909) 626-4070

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: July 2016

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: August 2016

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: August 2016