Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM)

About This Program

Target Population: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma

Program Overview

TRM is a mind-body approach and focuses on the biological basis of trauma and the automatic, defensive ways that the human body responds when faced with perceived threats to self and others, including the responses of tend and befriend, fight, flight and freeze. TRM explores the concept of resiliency and how to restore balance to the body and the mind after traumatic experiences. When the focus is on normal biological responses to extraordinary events, there is a paradigm shift from symptoms being described as biological rather than as pathological or as mental weakness. As traumatic stress symptoms are normalized, feelings of shame and self-blame are reduced or eliminated. Symptoms are viewed as the body's attempt to re-establish balance to the nervous system.

TRM has been designed as both a trauma reprocessing treatment model as well as a self-care model. The nervous system is reset or rebalanced through a skills-based approach that can be learned and practiced independently. The skills help develop a sense of personal mastery and self-management over intense physical and emotional states. Survivors often report a renewed sense of hope as the activities of daily living become easier to manage as skills are incorporated into life as a wellness practice.

Traditional talk therapy primarily focuses on changing limiting beliefs leading to insight and problem solving strategies. These interventions can be helpful, however, the part of the brain responding to traumatic experience may not benefit fully from cognitive-based interventions. Thus there is a need for a sensory-based stabilization model that focuses on sensations associated with internal resiliency. The TRM skills can be a standalone intervention but they can also be integrated into other treatment modalities.

Program Goals

The program representative submitted information in August 2023 which will be added to the website in the coming months.

Logic Model

The program representative did not provide information about a Logic Model for Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM).

Essential Components

The program representative submitted information in August 2023 which will be added to the website in the coming months.

Program Delivery


Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) does not have materials available in a language other than English.

Manuals and Training

Manual Information

There is a manual that describes how to deliver this program.

Training Information

There is training available for this program.

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research

Currently, there are no published, peer-reviewed research studies for Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM).

Additional References

No reference materials are currently available for Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM).

Contact Information

Elaine Miller-Karas
Phone: (909) 626-4070

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: July 2016

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: August 2016

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: August 2016