Topic: Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary) Programs
Definition for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary) Programs:
Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary) Programs is defined by the CEBC as programs targeted at individuals or families which are at a high risk for maltreatment with a goal of preventing abuse or neglect from occurring. These programs may offer activities targeted to families that have one or more risk factors, including families with substance abuse or domestic violence issues, teenage parents, parents of special needs children, single parents, and low-income families. Services may include parent education and training for high-risk parents, respite care, and home visiting programs.
- Target population: Families at high risk for abuse or neglect
- Services/types that fit: Services include assessment, case planning, case management, education, skill building, and/or service delivery to address risk factors for maltreatment
- Delivered by: Child welfare workers, mental health professionals, or trained paraprofessionals
- In order to be included: Program must specifically target the prevention of abuse and/or neglect in high-risk families
- In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by the Scientific Rating Scale) that examines maltreatment-related outcomes, such as abuse and neglect reports and abuse-related parenting behaviors, either observed or self-reported
Programs in this Topic Area
The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.
One Program with a Scientific Rating of 1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence:
- Incredible Years, The (IY)The Incredible YearsParents, teachers, and children
Five Programs with a Scientific Rating of 2 - Supported by Research Evidence:
- Child First
[Child FIRST, Child FIRST (Child and Family Interagency Resource, Support, and Training)]Children prenatal to 5 years old and their parents/caregivers who are at risk of or have experienced child abuse, neglect, ...
- Early StartParents of a newborn (usually up to 12 months of age) and/or parents in the antenatal period facing multiple disadvantages
- Parents Under Pressure (PuP) – non-responderFamilies with mental health challenges including trauma, substance misuse, family conflict, and severe financial stress
- Safe Environment for Every Kid (SEEK)Primary Prevention use: Families with children aged 0-5 years. Secondary Prevention use: Families with children aged 0-5 years who have ...
[Project SafeCare]Parents at-risk for child neglect and/or abuse and parents with a history of child neglect and/or abuse
Ten Programs with a Scientific Rating of 3 - Promising Research Evidence:
- Boys Town In-Home Family Services (BT-IHFS)
[Boys Town In-Home Family Program]Families with children ages 0-17 at-risk of out-of-home placement
- C.A.R.E.S. (Coordination, Advocacy, Resources, Education and Support)Families at high risk for abuse or neglect with children aged 0-17 or a primary caregiver or caregivers of at ...
- Combined Parent-Child Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CPC-CBT)Children ages 3-17 and their parents (or caregivers) in families where parents engage in a continuum of coercive parenting strategies ...
- DCCTF'S Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP; Authored by CICC)African-American families at risk for child maltreatment
- Exchange Parent AideFamilies must have at least one child age birth through 12 years in the home (services may also be offered prenatally), ...
- Family Connections (FC)Families at risk for child maltreatment
- Make Parenting A Pleasure (MPAP), Second EditionHighly stressed families with children ages 0 to 8 years at risk for abuse or neglect
- Nurturing Parenting Program for Parents and their School-age Children 5 to 11 YearsParents of families who have been reported to the child welfare system for child maltreatment including physical and emotional maltreatment ...
- Parents Anonymous®Parents, grandparents, relative and kin providers, foster parents, or anyone serving in a parenting or caregiver role and children and ...
- Step-by-Step Parenting Program®Parents with learning differences whose children are at risk of being neglected due to parenting skill deficiencies including parents who ...
Eight Programs with a Scientific Rating of NR - Not able to be Rated:
- DCCTF's Los Ninos Bien Educados (LNBE; Authored by CICC)For parents of Latino descent who are raising children in the United States, both Spanish and English speakers
- DCCTF's New Confident Parenting Program (NCP; Authored by CICC)Parents of children (2-12 years old) who are experiencing behavior or emotional problems
- Love and LogicParents, grandparents, teachers, and other caretakers working with children
- Mothering from the Inside Out (MIO)Adults who are both caregivers of young children (aged 0-5 years) and in treatment for, or recovery from, a substance ...
- Nurturing Parenting Program for Parents and their Infants, Toddlers, and PreschoolersFamilies who had been reported to the child welfare system for child maltreatment including physical and emotional maltreatment in addition ...
- Respite Center at RISE Wisconsin, The – non-responderThe Respite Center at RISE WisconsinParents and caregivers of children ages 0-14
- Safe Families for Children (SFFC)Parents in crisis and their children from birth to 18 years of age who are in need of safe place to ...
- Steps Toward Effective, Enjoyable Parenting (STEEP)First-time low-income mothers of children 0-23 months old
Why was this topic chosen by the Advisory Committee?
The Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary) Programs topic area is relevant to child welfare because these programs play a key role in the continuum of child welfare services. Child safety is the primary goal for child protection agencies. Per the federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act "the failure to coordinate and comprehensively prevent and treat child abuse and neglect threatens the futures of thousands of children and results in a cost to the Nation of billions of dollars in tangible expenditures, as well as significant intangible costs." To prevent child abuse and neglect, or to intervene early when a situation is brought to the attention of child protection agencies, is a shared community responsibility. With the introduction and implementation of the Differential Response approach in California, information regarding proven prevention and early intervention strategies is critical to the continuation of the child welfare improvements states are seeking to achieve. Promoting safe, healthy, and nurturing environments are essential to the well-being of children and their families.
Teresa Contreras, MSW
Former CEBC Advisory Committee member
Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary) Programs was one of new topic areas launched in 2007. Deborah Daro, PhD was the topic expert and was involved in identifying and rating any of the programs with an original load date of 2007 or earlier (as found on the bottom of the program's page on the CEBC). The topic area has grown over the years and in 2023, the topic area was revised and expanded. All of the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Secondary) Programs added since 2007 were identified by CEBC staff, the Scientific Panel, and/or the Advisory Committee. For these programs, Dr. Daro was not involved in identifying or rating them.