Topic: Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs
Definition for Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs:
Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs are defined by the CEBC as 1) universal prevention programs which are designed to prevent mental health problems from occurring for the first time in children and adolescents, or 2) selective prevention programs targeted at individuals or families who are at high risk for mental health problems to either prevent mental health problems from occurring or to intervene early to reduce clinical-level problems. Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs differ in terms of timing and may target different age groups. These programs may occur in a variety of settings, including schools, homes, other community settings, and health care settings. Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention programs may also be delivered in group or individual settings, as well as self-administered through online delivery or apps.
- Target population: Children and adolescents
- Services/types that fit: Outpatient services (either individual or group), community or school-based interventions, and self-administered programs, including online delivery or apps; services can target the child alone, work with the child and/or their caregivers, or target the entire family.
- Delivered by: Child and family serving professionals, educators, mental health providers, physicians, community-based organizations, parents and caregivers, nonprofessional helpers, mentors, self-help supporters and organizations, and advocacy organizations
- In order to be included: Program must specify the prevention of mental health problems or disorders or early intervention in the development of mental health disorders as a goal.
- In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by the Scientific Rating Scale) that examines mental health-related outcomes, such as child and/or adolescent symptom levels, behaviors, and/or functioning; or mental health prevention-related outcomes, such as child and/or adolescent knowledge and/or preventative behavior.
Programs in this Topic Area
The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.
Eight Programs with a Scientific Rating of 1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence:
- Body ProjectAdolescent girls 14-18 years
- Coping Power Program8 to 14 year old children whose aggression puts them at risk for later delinquency
- Early Risers: Skills for SuccessChildren and adolescents ages 6-12 and their parents/guardians
- KiVa – non-responderStudents in grade school through high school
- New Beginnings Program for Divorcing and Separating Parents (NBP)Children/adolescents between 3 and 18 years of age whose parents are divorcing or separating parents (services are given to the parents)
- ParentCorps – non-responder
- Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies® (PATHS)Universal populations (all children) including those with more serious behavior problems and/or cognitive challenges
- Resourceful Adolescent Program-Adolescent (RAP-A)Adolescents between 11 and 15 years of age
One Program with a Scientific Rating of 2 - Supported by Research Evidence:
- Blues ProgramAdolescents ages 13-19 with elevated depressive symptoms
Seven Programs with a Scientific Rating of 3 - Promising Research Evidence:
- Guiding Good Choices® (GGC)Parents of adolescents and young teens
- I Can Problem Solve (ICPS)Low- and middle-income 4-12 year olds, including African-Americans, Caucasians, Hispanic, and Asian populations
- Olweus Bullying Prevention Program (OBPP)Students in elementary, middle, and high schools
- PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG)Children in grades Pre-Kindergarten through 6th
- Positive Action (PA)Kindergarten (age 4â€“5) through Grade 8 (age 13â€“14) students
- Social Decision Making/Problem Solving Program – non-responderStudents in 4th or 5th grade
- Teaching Kids to Cope (TKC©) – non-responderStudents in High School.
One Program with a Scientific Rating of NR - Not able to be Rated:
- Fast Track ProjectChildren at high-risk of conduct problems beginning at age 6-7 (1st grade) through age 15/16 (Grade 10)