Topic: Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs
Definition for Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs:
Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs are defined by the CEBC as 1) universal prevention programs which are designed to prevent mental health problems from occurring for the first time in children and adolescents, or 2) selective prevention programs targeted at individuals or families who are at high risk for mental health problems to either prevent mental health problems from occurring or to intervene early to reduce clinical-level problems. Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention (Child & Adolescent) Programs differ in terms of timing and may target different age groups. These programs may occur in a variety of settings, including schools, homes, other community settings, and health care settings. Mental Health Prevention and/or Early Intervention programs may also be delivered in group or individual settings, as well as self-administered through online delivery or apps.
- Target population: Children and adolescents
- Services/types that fit: Outpatient services (either individual or group), community or school-based interventions, and self-administered programs, including online delivery or apps; services can target the child alone, work with the child and/or their caregivers, or target the entire family.
- Delivered by: Child and family serving professionals, educators, mental health providers, physicians, community-based organizations, parents and caregivers, nonprofessional helpers, mentors, self-help supporters and organizations, and advocacy organizations
- In order to be included: Program must specify the prevention of mental health problems or disorders or early intervention in the development of mental health disorders as a goal.
- In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by the Scientific Rating Scale) that examines mental health-related outcomes, such as child and/or adolescent symptom levels, behaviors, and/or functioning; or mental health prevention-related outcomes, such as child and/or adolescent knowledge and/or preventative behavior.
Programs in this Topic Area
The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.
Two Programs with a Scientific Rating of 1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence:
One Program with a Scientific Rating of 2 - Supported by Research Evidence:
- Blues ProgramAdolescents ages 13-19 with elevated depressive symptoms
Four Programs with a Scientific Rating of 3 - Promising Research Evidence:
- Guiding Good Choices® (GGC)Parents of adolescents and young teens
- I Can Problem Solve (ICPS)Low- and middle-income 4-12 year olds, including African-Americans, Caucasians, Hispanic, and Asian populations
- Social Decision Making/Problem Solving Program – non-responderStudents in 4th or 5th grade
- Teaching Kids to Cope (TKC©) – non-responderStudents in High School.