Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP)

About This Program

Target Population: Men and others in parental roles with children ages 0-25

For parents/caregivers of children ages: 0 – 25

Program Overview

Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) is a personal and family relationship strengthening experience that addresses the following multiple challenging and interconnected issues:

  • Physical or emotional family separation for extended periods (incarceration, military deployment, addiction, drug treatment, divorce, mental illness, child welfare involvement, out of town employment or work assignment, and other circumstances leading to physical or emotional disconnection
  • Any personal of family history of substance abuse (and/or recovery support); abuse and neglect, adverse childhood experiences
  • Any personal safety and violence-related issues
  • Sexual health issues including HIV and other sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention

The program employs a multifaceted, strengths-based approach to strengthen personal and parental responsibility, parenting skills, and improve parental involvement and family relationships supporting personal, child, and family well-being.

The program supports problem identification and referrals to other community services for participants when necessary. This program is designed to be implemented in gender-specific groups.

Program Goals

The goals of Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program (CLFCFP) are:

  • Promote involvement and engagement with family.
  • Increase personal and family communication skills.
  • Enhance personal and family conflict resolution skills.
  • Increase emotional awareness and expression skills.
  • Increase relationship management, commitment, and satisfaction.
  • Increase positive parenting skills and healthy parental involvement and functioning, and reduce substance abuse, neglect, violence, and prison recidivism.
  • Achieve family reintegration and reunification.
  • Promote child well-being.

Logic Model

View the Logic Model for Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP).

Essential Components

The essential components of Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) include:

  • CLFCFP consists of 3 standard modules and one optional module
  • Each of the 3 individual standard modules is 5–6 sessions with each one lasting from 2.0 to 2.5 hours depending on breaks and the possibility of including a meal
    • The “Developing Positive Parental Influences” module includes the following content:
      • Substance abuse and family dynamics
      • Using personal, genetic, social, and lifestyle risk factors to create a personal family prevention plan
      • An examination of intervention, referral, and treatment models
      • Setting clear family standards for parents and children
    • The “Raising Resilient Youth” module includes the following content:
      • Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding family management practices (including developing and implementing healthy expectations and consequences)
      • Communicating parental expectations effectively
      • Growth needs of children at various ages
      • Managing and communicating thoughts and feelings appropriately
      • Giving and receiving feedback
      • Assisting youth in making healthy choices
    • The “Getting Real” Adult module includes highly interactive and coaching instruction and the following content:
      • A focus on refusal skills
      • Appropriate emotional expression
      • Verbal and nonverbal communication
      • Effective communication and negotiation
      • Effective listening
      • Communication within the family unit
      • Establishing and maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships
      • Promoting the skills of emotional intelligence
    • The Optional “ABC 3 (D) Approach to HIV, Hepatitis, and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention” module usually requires two or three additional sessions and includes the following content:
      • An examination of the primary modes of transmission of HIV, hepatitis, and other sexually transmitted diseases
      • Effective prevention measures to reduce or eliminate risk of infection
      • Healthy sexual expression is recognized, discussed, and supported
    • Appropriate Case Management and/or Referral Services should be provided by agency or individual offering the CLFCFP program:
      • This requires a practical understanding of how a participating adult or youth might display the possible need for substance use and/or mental health screening or services and how to make an appropriate referral
      • Trainers are expected to be familiar with local services and to develop a referral resource network

Program Delivery

Parent/Caregiver Services

Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) directly provides services to parents/caregivers and addresses the following:

  • Experiencing physical and/or emotional separation due to substance abuse, military service, out-of-town work assignments, child welfare involvement (including out-of-home placements), prison reentry, discrimination or other forms of physical or emotional distance; low parenting skills, low involvement with children, low emotional awareness, low emotional expression, and/or problems in parent-child, couple, and generational relationships; parent/caregiver of youth at-risk for substance abuse possibly due to family history, personal or family trauma, lack of services, family disorganization, challenging community environment, and the following other known risk factors: parent of child with adverse childhood experiences, permissive parenting, low parent-child bonding, low parent-child involvement, parent-child conflict, inadequate supervision and monitoring, low parental warmth, lack of or consistent discipline, parental hostility, harsh discipline, low parental aspirations for child, child neglect, child abuse/maltreatment, substance use among parents (or siblings), and parental favorable attitudes toward alcohol and/or drugs
Services Involve Family/Support Structures:

This program involves the family or other support systems in the individual's treatment: The Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) may involve the family members (including children and extended family members) or other support systems in addition to the individual's involvement. Various family members of participants attending the CLFCFP may be invited to participate in case management services, and may also be referred for psychological assessments, counseling, family therapy or drug and alcohol treatment, other behaviorally, spiritually, or culturally specific services. Case management services, supports, and referrals can be provided for family members of the adult participating in the CLFCFP.

Recommended Intensity:

Participating adults typically attend 1 or 2 weekly 2-hour sessions for a maximum of 15–20 sessions. Participants may also attend case management services on an as needed basis.

Recommended Duration:

The program can be completed in as few as 8 weeks with two sessions per week, or in 15–20 weeks with one session per week. Further, once the agency is trained, the program can be incorporated into usual agency practice.

Delivery Settings

This program is typically conducted in a(n):

  • Community Daily Living Setting
  • Outpatient Clinic
  • Community-based Agency / Organization / Provider
  • Group or Residential Care
  • Justice Setting (Juvenile Detention, Jail, Prison, Courtroom, etc.)
  • Public Child Welfare Agency (Dept. of Social Services, etc.)
  • School Setting (Including: Day Care, Day Treatment Programs, etc.)

Homework

Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) includes a homework component:

Occasional, optional homework including home/family skill practice suggestions are offered.

Languages

Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) has materials available in a language other than English:

Spanish

For information on which materials are available in this language, please check on the program's website or contact the program representative (contact information is listed at the bottom of this page).

Resources Needed to Run Program

The typical resources for implementing the program are:

All CLFCFP training materials, two CLFCFP certified trainers, and a training room which meets published developer standards. Culturally relevant case management and referral services should be made available for participants, as needed.

Manuals and Training

Prerequisite/Minimum Provider Qualifications

There is no minimum education or experience requirement, but there is a strong preference for motivated, healthy, and caring adults with group facilitation experience and strong communication, public speaking, and parenting skills.

Manual Information

There is a manual that describes how to deliver this program.

Program Manual(s)

There are four trainer manuals and four associated participant notebooks for CLFCFP services.

Standard Manuals & Notebooks:

  • Strader, T. N., & Noe, T. (1998). Creating Lasting Family Connections positive parental influences training manual. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Strader, T. N., & Noe, T. (1998). Creating Lasting Family Connections developing positive parental influences participant notebook. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Strader, T. N., & Noe, T. (1998). Creating Lasting Family Connections raising resilient youth training manual. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Strader, T. N., & Noe, T. (1998). Creating Lasting Family Connections raising resilient youth participant notebook. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Strader, T. N., Mann, W. C., & Noe, T. (1998). Creating Lasting Family Connections getting real training manual. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Strader, T. N., Mann, W. C., & Noe, T. (1998). Creating Lasting Family Connections getting real participant notebook. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.

Optional Manual & Notebook:

  • Strader, T. N. (2004). Creating Lasting Family Connections ABC 3(D) approach to HIV, hepatitis, and other sexually transmitted diseases prevention training manual. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Strader, T. N. (2004). Creating Lasting Family Connections ABC 3(D) approach to HIV, hepatitis, and other sexually transmitted diseases prevention participant notebook. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.

In addition to the CLFC Fatherhood Program trainer manuals and participant notebooks listed above, the following two books are available from the CLFC Fatherhood Program developer.

  • Strader, T. N. & Stuecker, R. (2012). Creating Lasting Family Connections®: Secrets to successful facilitation. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.
  • Kokoski, C., Strader, T. N., & Strader, T. B. (2012). Creating Lasting Family Connections Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration adaptation guidebook. Resilient Futures Network, LLC.

A variety of other free and purchasable resources are also available on the website.

All CLFCFP training materials (trainer manuals, participant notebooks, poster sets, and ancillary training-related materials, etc.) are available for purchase online at http://myresilientfuturesnetwork.com/ or by contacting the training contact listed below.

Training Information

There is training available for this program.

Training Contact:
Training Type/Location:

There is a national training and certification system for the Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP).

CLFCFP Implementation Training is offered in 6- to 9-day versions (often divided into two or three 3-day training sessions). Nine days of training are recommended for most agencies and individuals wishing to implement CLFCFP. All versions of the CLFCFP Implementation Training are offered periodically at the COPES National Office in Louisville, Kentucky, and in various regional locations around the nation. Groups of five or more may also inquire about scheduling private or customized training sessions at their own site. Agencies can purchase onsite CLFCFP Implementation Training for up to 18 participating staff from the Resilient Futures Network (RFN) National Training Team at their local site.

Individuals can also schedule individual attendance at one of the local, regional, or national CLFCFP Implementation Trainings that occur at various times throughout the year.

Anyone receiving the CLFCFP Implementation Training course (or any Customized CLFCFP Implementation Training provided by COPES Inc. or RFN) will receive CLFCFP Implementation Trainer Certification and 10 hours of ongoing technical assistance by telephone with implementation issues. Each person earning this certification will receive a printed certificate acknowledging such status. Further, COPES and the Resilient Futures Network maintains a National Registry of Certified CLFCFP Implementation Trainers on file for reference purposes. This certification enables one to train participants in the CLFCFP. This training alone does not enable one to train other professionals to implement the CLFCFP with adults. This is not a “training of trainers” certification. For those who wish to train others to implement CLFCFP, there is a Master Trainer Certification available for those who qualify.

Information on implementation materials and support including preimplementation assessment, implementation support, fidelity measures, and cost can be obtained from the training contact above.

Number of days/hours:

The number of days/hours of the CLFCFP Implementation Training are the same for direct service providers and supervisors. Nine days of training are recommended for most agencies and individuals wishing to implement the CLFCFP. The 10 hours of implementation consultation and support are included as part of any training package.

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research

McKiernan, P., Shamblen, S., Collins, D., Strader, T., & Kokoski, C. (2013). Creating Lasting Family Connections: Reducing recidivism with community-based family strengthening model. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 24(1), 94–122. https://doi.org/10.1177/0887403412447505

Type of Study: Pretest-posttest study with a nonequivalent control group (Quasi-experimental)
Number of Participants: Study 1: 345; Study 2: 500

Population:

  • Age — Study 1: Mid-30s (Intervention: Mean=34.68 years and Comparison: Mean=37.13 years); Study 2: 30s (M=33.85 years)
  • Race/Ethnicity — Study 1: 53% African American and 1% Hispanic; Study 2: 62% White, 36% African American, and 2% Hispanic
  • Gender — Study 1: 77% Male; Study 2: Not specified
  • Status — Participants were individuals reentering the community after prison.

Location/Institution: Louisville, Kentucky metro community

Summary: (To include basic study design, measures, results, and notable limitations)
To include comparison groups, outcomes, measures, notable limitations) This article presents results from analyses of program and comparison group data from two community-based programs that implemented a culturally adapted version of the Creating Lasting Family Connections® (CLFC) curriculum [now called Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP)]. Measures utilized include administrative data from the state department of corrections (DOC) on whether each of the men recidivated and a program-developed questionnaire that measured relationship skills. Results indicate that the first program had effects on increasing HIV knowledge and spirituality, while reducing intentions to binge drink and recidivism. The second program similarly showed effects on recidivism, and participants also showed an increase in nine separate relationship skills. Limitations include small sample size; a lack of explication of the underlying mechanisms by which the positive outcomes are produced by the program; lack of randomization; and no follow-up.

Length of postintervention follow-up: None.

Shamblen, S. R., Kokoski, C., Collins, D. A., & Strader, T. N., & McKiernan, P. (2017). Implementing Creating Lasting Family Connections with reentry fathers: A partial replication during a period of policy change. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 56(5), 295–307. https://doi.org/10.1080/10509674.2017.1327917

Type of Study: Randomized controlled trial
Number of Participants: 280

Population:

  • Age — Mean=32.96 years
  • Race/Ethnicity — 69% White, 28% Black, and 3% Other
  • Gender — 100% Male
  • Status — Participants were individuals reentering the community after prison.

Location/Institution: Not specified

Summary: (To include basic study design, measures, results, and notable limitations)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether those exposed to the Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP) exhibited more favorable relationship skills and a lower likelihood of recidivism at posttest and follow-up, relative to those not so exposed to CLFCFP. Participants were randomized to either CLFCFP or to a control group. Measures utilized include administrative data from the state department of corrections (DOC) on whether each of the men recidivated and a program-developed questionnaire that measured relationship skills. Results indicate relationship skills exhibited a larger increase in the CLFCFP group relative to the control group. There was no evidence to suggest that CLFCFP had an impact on recidivism in this study. More specifically, CLFCFP did not significantly impact recidivism between pretest and posttest, between posttest and follow-up, or the entire time between pretest and follow-up. Limitations include small sample size; do not have reliable data on prison release dates in the present study; inability to implement the joint intervention meeting (JIM) process for this study, which was fully implemented in the prior study; and length of follow-up.

Length of postintervention follow-up: 3 months.

Shamblen, S. R., Strader, T. N., Collins, D. A., McKiernan, P., Kokoski, C., & Arnold, B. B. (2019). Toward an understanding of the connections in Creating Lasting Family Connections. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 46(4), 390–404. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926187.2018.1543560

Type of Study: Randomized controlled trial
Number of Participants: 246

Population:

  • Age — Mean=33 years
  • Race/Ethnicity — 71% White, 25% Black, and 1% Hispanic
  • Gender — 100% Male
  • Status — Participants were men in reentry from prison.

Location/Institution: Not stated

Summary: (To include basic study design, measures, results, and notable limitations)
This study utilizes a subset sample of Shamblen et al. (2017). The purpose of this present study was to determine the effectiveness of implementation of the Creating Lasting Family Connections® Fatherhood Program: Family Reintegration (CLFCFP), to help improve relationship skills and reduce antisocial behaviors. Participants were randomized to either CLFCFP (n=185) or to a control group (n=61). Measures utilized include the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Results indicate that CLFCFP increased the number of individuals who define themselves as being prosocially connected, relative to controls, which is one of the primary goals of the CLFCFP. Limitations small sample size, high attrition rate for control group, and length of follow-up.

Length of postintervention follow-up: None.

Additional References

Strader, T. N., Kokoski, C., Collins, D., Shamblen, S., & McKiernan, P. (2018). Creating Lasting Family Connections Program. In J. Lebow, A. Chambers, & D. Breunlin (Eds.). Encyclopedia of couple and family therapy. Springer. https://doi.org//10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_365-1

Strader, T. N., Kokoski, C., & Shamblen, S. R. (2013, July 15). Intersection of treatment and prevention: Prevention and recovery-informed care. SAMHSA Recovery to Practice E-Newsletter. (Issue 14). https://copes.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/12b-SAMSHA-Newsletter_-Intersection-of-Treatment-and-Prevention-Article-combined.pdf

Contact Information

Teresa Boyd Strader, LCSW
Title: National Training Director of the Creating Lasting Family Connections Curriculum Series
Agency/Affiliation: Resilient Future’s Network, LLC
Website: copes.org/the-clfc-fatherhood-program
Email:
Phone: (502) 897-1111

Date Research Evidence Last Reviewed by CEBC: September 2021

Date Program Content Last Reviewed by Program Staff: December 2021

Date Program Originally Loaded onto CEBC: January 2022