Topic: Parent Training Programs that Address Behavior Problems in Children and Adolescents
Definition for Parent Training Programs that Address Behavior Problems in Children and Adolescents:
Parent Training Programs that Address Behavior Problems in Children and Adolescents are defined by the CEBC as parent training services for parents/caregivers that have a goal of preventing or reducing common behavior problems in children and adolescents. Click here to see the overall Parent Training Programs topic area page.
- Target population: Parents who may need assistance dealing with common behavior problems in children, such as temper tantrums, back talk, conflict over homework or chores, etc. with a focus on changing the youth's behavior through a parent-mediated approach
- Service(s)/types that would fit: Direct intervention with parents in individual or group formats delivered face-to-face, via internet, or through recorded media (e.g., videos)
- Delivered by: Trained paraprofessionals, educators, or mental health professionals
- In order to be included: The overall focus of the program must be on parent training and have a goal of preventing and/or reducing child behavior problems (i.e., the program may have multiple goals with preventing and/or reducing child behavior problems being one of them).
- In order to be rated: There must be research evidence (as specified by the Scientific Rating Scale) that examines outcomes in child symptom levels, functioning, and/or behaviors (e.g., mental health, disruptive behaviors, etc.). In addition, research evidence may also examine outcomes in parenting behavior (e.g., changes in behavior management skills).
Programs in this Topic Area
The programs listed below have been reviewed by the CEBC and, if appropriate, been rated using the Scientific Rating Scale.
Eight Programs with a Scientific Rating of 1 - Well-Supported by Research Evidence:
- Connect: A Trauma-Informed and Attachment-Based Program for Parents and CaregiversCaregivers (biological parents, foster parents, kinship caregivers, etc.) of preadolescents (ages 8-12) and adolescents ages (13-19)
- Family Check-Up (FCU)Caregivers of children 2-17 years old in the middle class or lower socioeconomic level
- GenerationPMTO (Individual Delivery Format)Parents of children/youth 2-18 years of age with disruptive behaviors such as conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and anti-social ...
- Incredible Years, The (IY)The Incredible YearsParents, teachers, and children
- Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)Children ages 2.0 - 7.0 years old with behavior and parent-child relationship problems; may be conducted with parents, foster parents, or other ...
- Parenting Through Change (PTC; GenerationPMTO Group)Parents of children/youth ages 2-18 at risk for or presenting with behavior problems
- Strong African American Families Program (SAAF)African American youth, aged 10-14, and their parents/caregivers
- Triple P - Positive Parenting Program - Level 4® (Level 4 Triple P)For parents and caregivers of children and adolescents from birth to 12 years old with moderate to severe behavioral and/or ...
Nine Programs with a Scientific Rating of 2 - Supported by Research Evidence:
- Chicago Parent Program (CPP)Parents of young children 2-5 years old; may be used with parents/caregivers of children 6-8 years old
- Common Sense Parenting® (CSP)Parents and other caregivers of children ages 6-16 years
- Guiding Good Choices® (GGC)Parents of adolescents and young teens
- Hitkashrut – non-responderFamilies with children who are showing early signs of conduct problem development
- Promoting First Relationships (PFR)Caregivers of children birth to five years
- Triple P - Positive Parenting Program® - Level 3 Discussion GroupParents or caregivers of children ages 0-12 years with mild-moderate emotional and behavioral concerns
- Triple P OnlineAll parents or caregivers of children ages 0-12 years
- Tuning in to Kids (TIK)Parents and caregivers of children with disruptive behavior between 18 months and 18 years of age; can be used with parents and ...
- Tuning in to Teens™ (TINT)Parents of children and adolescents aged 10-18 years of age
20 Programs with a Scientific Rating of 3 - Promising Research Evidence:
- 1-2-3 Magic: Effective Discipline for Children 2–12Parents, grandparents, teachers, babysitters, and other caretakers working with children
- Active Parenting 4th Edition
[Active Parenting Now]Parents and caregivers of children ages 5 to 12
- Active Parenting of TeensParents and caregivers of preteens and teens ages 10 to 17 with a wide range of problems including oppositional behavior, poor self-esteem, ...
- Active Parenting of Teens: Families in ActionParents and caregivers of youth ages 12-14
- Child-Parent Relationship Therapy (CPRT)Parents of children ages 3- 8 with behavioral, emotional, social, or attachment disorders
- CICC's Effective Black Parenting Program (EBPP)African-American families at risk for child maltreatment
- COPEing with Toddler BehaviourParents of 12- to 36-month-olds who are having challenges with toddler behaviour
- Defiant Children: A Clinician's Manual for Assessment and Parent TrainingParents of children ages 4-12 years who are defiant or who may qualify for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder (...
- Early Pathways Program (EPP)
[Parenting Young Children Program (PYC)]Children 6 years of age and younger with significant behavior and/or emotional problems including trauma and their primary caretaker(s)
- FAST® - Elementary School LevelChildren in Pre-Kindergarten through 5th grade and their families
- Helping the Noncompliant Child (HNC)Parents of children (age 3-8 years old) who are noncompliant and have related disruptive behavior/conduct problems
- Parent Effectiveness Training (P.E.T.)Parents of children ages 0 to 18 with communication and behavior problems
- Parent-Child Care (PC-CARE)Caregiver and child age 1-10 years who has or is at high-risk of developing behavior problems or who is adjusting ...
- Parenting WiselyFamilies with children at risk for or with: behavior problems, substance abuse problems, or delinquency
- Positive Discipline Parent EducationParents of children and adolescents (birth through 18 years) who are typically developing; and teachers of children (toddlers through adolescence) who ...
- Systematic Training for Effective Parenting (STEP)Parents of children - birth through adolescence
- Triple P - Positive Parenting Program® System (System Triple P)For parents and caregivers of children from birth to age 16
- Triple P – Positive Parenting Program® - Level 2 Selected Seminar Series (Selected Seminars Triple P)Parents or caregivers of children aged 0-12 years
- Trust-Based Relational Intervention (TBRI) - Caregiver TrainingCaregivers (including birth parents, resource parents, and residential direct care staff) of children, youth, and young adults (0-25) who are ...
- Trust-Based Relational Intervention (TBRI) - Online Caregiver TrainingParents (e.g., birth parents, foster parents, kinship parents, adoptive parents, etc.) and caregivers of children who have histories of ...
One Program with a Scientific Rating of 4 - Evidence Fails to Demonstrate Effect:
- Triple P - Positive Parenting Program® - Level 3 Primary Care (Level 3 Triple P Primary)Parents or caregivers of children ages 0-12 years with mild-moderate emotional and behavioral concerns
Eight Programs with a Scientific Rating of NR - Not able to be Rated:
- ABCD Parenting Young AdolescentsParents of children and adolescents, aged 9 to 14 years old
- Circle of Security Parenting (COSP)Groups of caregivers (parents, foster/adoptive parents, and early learning providers) of infants, toddlers, and children younger than 6 years old; ...
- ConnectingYouth 11-15 years old currently in foster or relative care and their caregivers
- Intensive Parent Model
[PRAXES Intensive Model]Parents of children, ages 3-18, with either mental health disorders or intellectual disabilities
- Parent Project's Changing Destructive Adolescent Behavior, TheThe Parent Project's Changing Destructive Adolescent BehaviorParents of what are collectively referred to as "strong-willed," or out-of-control adolescents and older children (11-17 years old), ...
- Parenting Inside Out (PIO)Criminal-justice and systems-involved parents (e.g., incarcerated, substance abuse, child welfare) of children ages 0-19 who may be at risk ...
- Quality ParentingParents, grandparents, teachers, babysitters, and other caretakers who need support - information and practical skills - to create an environment ...
- Strengthening Families Program (SFP)Parents and their children ages 0-17 who need skills to reduce family conflict and the risk of abuse or neglect, ...
Why was this topic chosen by the Advisory Committee?
The Parent Training Programs topic area is relevant to child welfare because parents of children in the child welfare system are often required or encouraged to attend parent training programs. There are specific parent training programs that have been studied, for which there is evidence of efficacy, and which are applicable to the child welfare population. It is critical for us to know what works for families. If counties and courts are aware of what programs work in improving parent functioning they will be able to prescribe effective programs and avoid using programs that have no demonstrated positive impact on parental functioning.
Danna Fabella, Director, Federal Linkages
Child & Family Policy Institute of California
Stuart Oppenheim, Executive Director
Child & Family Policy Institute of California
Former CEBC Advisory Committee Member
When the CEBC launched in 2006, Parent Training Programs was one of its two original topic areas. Richard P. Barth, PhD, was the topic expert and was involved in identifying and rating any of the programs with an original load date of June 2006 (as found on the bottom of the program's page on the CEBC). The topic area has grown over the years and in 2016, the topic area was split and expanded. All of the Parent Training Programs that Address Behavior Problems in Children and Adolescents added since 2006 were identified by CEBC staff, the Scientific Panel, and/or the Advisory Committee. For these programs, Dr. Barth was not involved in identifying or rating them.